I am an indigenous peoples' rights advocate with several
Mille Lacs Lake area initiatives. The Mille Lacs
Lake area of Minnesota is the sacred ancestral homeland of the "Seven Council Fires" or Oceti Sakowin (Och-et-ee shak-oh-win), the
proper name for the people commonly known as the "Sioux". They are also known as the Dakota, Lakota and Nakota people. In this
article I present information about the Oceti Sakowin's heritage in the
Mille Lacs Lake area as well as detailed information about my activist initiatives.
-------------------------------Mde Wakan (Lake Mille Lacs)
revised on July 12, 2010
The original sacred homeland of the Mdewakanton Dakota Oyate (people) is located in North Central
Minnesota in an area near present day Mille Lacs
Lake. One of their many villages was located at or near the confluence of the currently named
"Rum River" and Lake Mille Lacs, with other Dakota
dispersed throughout the area.
The Mdewakanton (mde + lake' + wakan + sacred' + ton + village'), known as the "sacred lake village'
people, are one of the four subdivisions of the
"Santee Sioux". The other three subdivisions of the "Santee Sioux" are the Wakpekutes, Wahpetons
and Sissetons. Santee or Isanti refers to the Knife Lake
and Mille Lacs Lake people of the Dakota nation.
The Mdewakanton are considered in the oral tradition, one of the most ancient divisions of the Oceti Sakowin.
In time, the original Dakota people divided into three groups - the Dakota, Lakota and Dakota, each moving
in different directions, but still maintaining close ties to one another. The sacred lake (Mille Lacs) figures
prominently in Oceti Sakowin creation stories. The lake (according to one Oceti Sakowin
creation story) is considered sacred because the original Dakota people, who consisted of seven
closely related tribes - including the Mdewakanton, Wakpekute, Wahpeton,
Sisseton, Yankton, Yantonai and Teton - merged from it as human beings into this world.
On the Kathio
Landmark Trail located in Mille Lacs Kathio
State Park, Leonard E. Wabasha, a hereditary Mdewakanton Dakota chief who is a member
of the Lower Sioux Mdewakanton Community and who is also the Director of the Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux (Dakota) Community
Cultural Resource Department a well as a renowned Mdewakanton Dakota activist, has
On his interpretive sign, Chief Wabasha is quoted as saying:
"My people are the Mdewakanton Oyate.
Mdewakanton means the People of Spirit Lake. Today
that lake is known as Mille Lacs. This landscape is sacred to the Mdewakanton Oyate because one
Otokaheys Woyakapi (creation story) says we were
created here. It is especially pleasing for me to come here and walk these trails, because about
1718 the first
Chief Wapahasa was born here, at the headwaters of the Spirit River. I am the eighth in this
line of hereditary
On his interpretive sign, Chief Wabasha used the term "Spirit River" instead of the official United States
or dominate culture's profane and derogatory name for the river "Rum". I believe that when he used the term "Spirit River" instead
of "Rum River"
while in the process of making his statement for a Mille Lacs Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive sign he was
showing due respect
for his people's heritage in the Mille Lacs Lake area.
I also believe that the Mdewakanton Dakota Oyate
just recently entered into a very important stage in the evolution of their culture. And believe this,
because there is currently a local, national and international
movement to change the profane and derogatory name
of the "Rum" River to either its
sacred Oceti Sakowin name Wakan, or to at least its correct English translation (Spirit).
Links to websites where there is information about several businesses, a community
medical clinic, a nature area, a youth club, a Christian church group, a substance abuse treatment center
and a city street named after Chief Leonard Wabasha's originally chosen
new name for the badly named Rum River, it being Spirit, can be found by clicking
In respect to explaining the
official name-changing legal process, this
movement is being guided by the Minnesota DNR and the effort to change the river's name is supported by two Mdewakanton Dakota
Communities, Chief Leonard Wabasha, several national and internationally renowned
Indigenous activists, the Minnesota
Historical Society's Indian Advisory Committee, the United Nations Secretariat of the Permanent
Forum On Indigenous Issues, Archbishop Harry Flynn, Bishop John Kinney, and by many other
organizations and prominent individuals..
link to complete list of supporters
An open letter to Mille Lacs Kathio State Park planners:
Dear park planners,
Greetings from Wahkon, Minnesota, where the headquarters of the movement to revert the
profane and derogatory name of the
"Rum" River back to its sacred Oceti Sakowin name (Wakan) are located.
It is a wonderful thing you are doing at Mille Lacs Kathio State Park. The Oceti Sakowin Oyate must
how you are revitalizing their appreciation of their heritage on the headwaters of the
beautiful but badly named "Rum" River.
I am also on a mission to revitalize the Oceti Sakowin Oyate's appreciation of their heritage on the
headwaters of the
Wakan/"Rum" River. I am doing this, primarily, by spearheading the local, national and international movement
to revert the "Rum" River's current
profane and derogatory name back to its sacred Oceti Sakowin name (Wakan), or to at least its correct
As you probably know, there is a long standing and well documented
associated with how the "Rum" River received its current name; and that it is because of this derogatory history that a lot of people believe
that white explorers performed a "punning" and "perverted" translation for the ancient and sacred
Oceti Sakowin name for the "Rum"
River, (Wakan). And it is also commonly believed that they did so, by taking
the ancient and sacred Oceti Sakowin
name for this river (Wakan), translated Spirit, and then intentionally translated it incorrectly to mean an alcohol
alcohol spirit rum; and that they then unfortunately used their
"rum" to name this sacred Oceti Sakowin
river with the profane and derogatory name "Rum".
According to historical documents found in the book, "Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origins and
Historical Significances" by Warren Upham,
published by the Minnesota Historical Society, 1969 (reprint of 1920)...in the late 1700's, white
men gave the "Rum" River its current name by
way of a "punning translation" that "perverted the ancient Sioux name Wakan". Note: The name "Sioux"
is a misnomer.
The "Rum" River flows out of Mille Lacs Lake. And on the Minnesota DNR's website there is an
article about Minnesota's geographic place names that
are mistakes due to incorrect interpretations of non-English names as well as one deliberate
misinterpretation of an
American "Indian" name for a geographic place.
In respect to the deliberate misinterpretation of an American "Indian" name for a geographic place,
a Minnesota DNR website article states: "Not so
the name for the river flowing out of Mille Lacs. The lake was known to the Dakota as Mde Wakan,
'spirit lake.' They called the river by the same
name. But traders made a pun with the name of the spirituous liquor
that caused such misery and destruction during the
fur trade." (Explanation: The "Rum River" name is not just
a accidental misinterpretation name, like some other names, it's a deliberate
In 2002, I established a non-profit organization to help change this river's profane and
derogatory name. My non-prophet
organization's name is Rum River Name Change Organization, Inc.. And I have also created a
Web site to help change this
river's derogatory name. My Web site is located at: http://www.towahkon.org.
While reading the Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive signs at Mille Lacs Kathio State Park,
I was pleased when I discovered
that both the sacred Oceti Sakowin name for Mille Lacs Lake (Wakan) as well as the positive history
associated with how
this lake received its Mille Lacs name were displayed on one of the trail's
interpretive signs. But I was disappointed when
I discovered that the ancient and sacred Oceti Sakowin name for the river that runs through Mille
Lacs Kathio State Park,
the river that "white explorers" unfortunately named "Rum", was not displayed on any of the
trails interpretive signs; and
that neither was the negative or derogatory history associated with how this river received its
current profane and derogatory name.
I find it appalling that all up and down the Wakan/"Rum" River there are Historical Markers
(3.) that present the derogatory history as to how
this river received its current profane name, but nowhere on any of the Kathio Landmark Trail
is it presented.
I believe that the negative or derogatory history associated with how the "Rum" River is thought
to have received its current
name should have been displayed on at least one of the trail's interpretive signs, and that it
should have been displayed in
order to show due respect to trail visitors (especially Dakota trail visitors) expecting to
receive both the positive
as well as the negative history when reading the Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive signs about
the history of the Mille Lacs
Kathio State Park, a park located in the Oceti Sakowin Oyate's sacred ancestral homeland.
It seems to me that you should add another Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive sign at Mille Lacs
Kathio State Park,
an interpretive sign that would both mention the ancient and sacred Oceti Sakowin name for the "Rum" River
(Wakan) as well as the negative or derogatory history associated with how the river is thought to
have received its current
profane and derogatory name. And it also seems to me that you should display on a Kathio Landmark
sign that there is a local, national and international movement to change this river's profane name. And that this
incorporated with the State of Minnesota as a non-profit organization, and that the legal geographic name-changing process is being guided
by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources,
and that the effort to change the river's name is supported by the Minnesota Historical Society Indian Advisory Committee, two
Mdewakanton Dakota Communities, hereditary Mdewakanton Dakota chief Leonard Wabasha, the United Nations Secretariat of the Permanent Forum On
Indigenous Issues, and several national
and internationally renowned Indigenous activists and by many other organizations and
I believe that if you would have initially displayed both the derogatory history associated with
how the "Rum" River
is thought to have received its current name, as well as displayed information about the
movement to change this
river's profane and derogatory name, on at least one of the trail's interpretive signs, all of
the Mdewakanton Dakota Communities,
as well as a lot more other Native American communities, Native American organizations,
internationally renowned Indigenous
activists, Minnesota legislators, human rights organizations, multicultural organizations,
religious leaders and other prominent
people might have already given their support for the effort to change this river's profane and
Therefore, I believe that if you would have initially displayed the derogatory history associated
with how the "Rum"
River is thought to have received its current name, the river's name might have already been changed.
And, consequently, a
source of racial antagonism might have already been eliminated. By not presenting the derogatory history
about how the "Rum" River
is thought to have received its current name on any of the Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive signs,
I believe that you park
planners who approved the displaying of the present interpretive signs avoided attracting controversy
and activism. And by not
presenting information about the movement to change the "Rum" River's name on any of the Kathio
Landmark Trail interpretive signs,
I believe that you further avoided attracting controversy and activism. And by doing so, I believe
that you have put
a stumbling block in the way of the movement to change the "Rum" River's name.
Therefore, I believe that both the Upper Sioux Mdewakanton Community and the Mendota Mdewakanton
Dakota Community as well as
organizations and concerned citizens who want the "Rum" River's current profane and derogatory name
changed are being hurt by
your neglect to display interpretive sign information about this negative aspect of Mille Lacs Kathio
A hereditary Mdewakanton Dakota chief [Leonard E. Wabasha] supports the effort to change the "Rum"
River's profane and derogatory name. And Jim Anderson, the Cultural Chair and Historian for the
Mendota Mdewakanton Dakota
Community, not only supports the effort to change the name, he has also helped me to gain support
for the effort to change
the river's profane name, including the support of the internationally renowned Native American
activist Clyde Bellecourt.
And Christina Morris, Field Representative of Midwest Office for Historical Preservation wrote: "We
recognize the historic
and cultural significance of the Wakan River to the peoples of Minnesota, and we commend you in your
research of its history,
and your efforts to revitalize the Mdewakanton Dakota Community by raising awareness of their
About activism at Mille Lacs Kathio State Park's - Kathio Landmark
The Kathio Landmark Trail is becoming an increasingly active location for both Mdewakanton
Dakota activists as well as Mdewakanton Dakota
rights activists who are on a mission to rectify a number of injustices being perpetrated against
the Oceti Sakowin Oyate (people) within their sacred ancestral homeland on the headwaters of the Wakan/"Rum" River.
(1.) On a Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive sign, (Dakota activist) Tim Blue, the Education Director at
Eci Nompa Woonspe in Morton,
Minnesota is quoted as saying: "The name of this place should be Isanti (E-sawn-tay`) State Park,
because that is correct,
whereas Kathio is incorrect. Isan means 'Knife' and Isanti refers to the Knife Lake and Mille
Lacs Lake people of the Dakota
(2.) In an article titled: Call it "Spirit", an article published in the July 14, 2004 edition
of Mille Lacs County's official newspaper,
the Mille Lacs Messenger, a Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive sign statement was quoted in order to
inform residents of Mille Lacs County about
what hereditary Mdewakanton Dakota Chief Leonard Wabasha is quoted as saying. In his interpretive sign quote
Chief Wabasha referred to the badly
named Rum River as "Spirit River" instead of its current derogatory and profane name (Rum). I view
Chief Wabasha's interpretive sign
term "Spirit River" as a (Dakota activist) statement. This is another example of why I
believe that Kathio Landmark Trail
is becoming an increasingly active location for activists to both express their grievances as well
as offer you park planners solutions
to these problems. Note: The mentioned above article titled "Call it
'Spirit'" can be found by clicking Call
(3.) On a Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive sign, a statement is displayed that deals with a
controversy between archaeologists,
you park planners, the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe and some Isanti Dakota bands. A controversy
associated with the Mille Lacs Band
of Ojibwe oral tradition that tells a gruesome terrorist account about how
a cohesively displaced (by European colonists) band of Ojibwe (the Mille Lacs band's ancestors) who
were armed with European colonists guns and gun powder
violently forced the, unarmed with European weapons, Mdewakanton Dakota Oyate from
their sacred Mille Lacs Lake homeland; an account that some archaeologists and yourselves
are describing as probably incorrect.
Therefore, the Kathio Landmark Trail is a location where a controversy between the position of some Isanti Dakota
bands, the Mille Lacs Band
of Ojibwe and an opposing position by some archaeologists and yourselves is being addressed by
Dakota activists, non-Indigenous Dakota rights activists, some archaeologists and yourselves.
(4.) And there is my Oceti Sakowin rights (activist) initiative to influence you to add an interpretive
sign on the Kathio
Land Mark Trial that displays the sacred Dakota name for the river that runs through Mille Lacs
Kathio State Park.
(5.) And there is my Oceti Sakowin rights (activist) initiative to influence you to add an interpretive
sign on the
Kathio Land Mark Trial that displays the derogatory history associated with how the "Rum" River is
thought to have received its
current profane and derogatory name.
(6.) And there is my Oceti Sakowin rights (activist) initiative to influence you to add an
interpretive sign on the
Kathio Land Mark Trial that displays information about the movement to revert the
"Rum" River's profane and derogatory name back
to its sacred Dakota name.
(7.) And there is my Oceti Sakowin rights (activist) initiative to influence you to add an
interpretive sign on the Kathio
Land Mark Trial that would inform its readers that the name "Nadouesioux", a name displayed on
a Kathio Landmark Trial interpretive
sign, was a derogatory name for the ancient Dakota people.
(8.) And there is my Oceti Sakowin rights (activist) initiative to influence you to remove a Kathio
interpretive sign with
incorrect historical information on it, information
that misinforms its readers, by stating that the Mdewakanton Dakota Oyate left their Mille Lacs Lake
ancestral homeland on their own free will. And in
respect to this activist initiative of mine, I not only request that you remove this interpretive sign
but also request that you add an interpretive sign that
would inform its readers that the Mdewakanton Dakota Oyate were "forced" or "pressured" to leave their sacred
homeland in the Mille Lacs Lake area.
(9.) An article about the Santee Dakota activist Wyatt Thomas's visit to Ogechie Lake on Kathio
Landmark Trail can be viewed and read by clicking
Dakota Rising, by Jon Lurie
C. D. Floro, the editor of the Sisseton-Wahpeton "Sioux" Tribe's Lake Traverse Reservation newspaper,
a newspaper named Sota Iya Ye Yapi, has given his support
for the effort to change the name of the "Rum" River to Wakan River, and he has also published several
Open Letters To The Oyate of mine in the
Sota Iya Ye Yapi. In one of my Sota Iya Ye Yapi letters there is a link to this article.
Lake Traverse Reservation is located in South Dakota and is home to 10,840 Sisseton-Wahpeton
"Sioux" (Dakota) people. The Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux
Tribe is composed of descendants of the Isanti people. Isan means 'Knife' and Isanti refers to
the Knife Lake and Mille Lacs Lake people of the Dakota Nation.
The following information came from a website about the history of the Flandreau Santee "Sioux"
Tribe. This tribe is comprised primarily of descendents
of "Mdewakantonwan", a member of the Isanti division of the Great Dakota Nation, and refer to
themselves as Dakota, which means friend or ally. The
Flandreau Santee Dakota "Indian" Reservation is 2,500 acres of land located along and near the Big
"Sioux" (Dakota) River in Moody County,
"In 1656, the Dakotas were living near Mille Lacs, in five villages numbering about 5,000 people.
It is possible the Tetons and Yanktons had at this
point already begun migrating west, although Hennepin found them above the Falls of St. Anthony on
the Mississippi River in 1680. In 1701, they were
at Lake Traverse. The Yankton and Yantonai left Mille Lacs at about this time. In the battle of
Kathio, which was suppose to have occurred about
1750, the Santee were defeated by the Chippewa; the Mdewakanton band settled at the Falls of St.
Anthony in 1760. The departure of the various bands
of Sioux from the Mille Lacs area began a transition from a woodlands culture to a culture on the
fringes of the Great Plains."
"By 1800, after a hundred and fifty years of sporadic contact with Europeans, the material culture
of the Santee Sioux had
been substantially altered. They were now using steel weapons and tools, brass and metal cookware,
European cloth and blankets. While their religious and social
organization was largely unchanged at the time. They had begun a stage of transition into a new
culture with their expulsion from their traditional
homeland around Mille Lacs."
I recognize the historic and sacred cultural significance of the Wakan River to the seven tribes of
the Oceti Sakowin Nation. The Dakota Nation is now located within, both, a four
state area, including Minnesota, South Dakota, North Dakota and Nebraska, as well as in Canada.
I am on a sacred mission to help revitalize the Oceti Sakowin - by raising
awareness of their sacred heritage on the headwaters
of the Wakan Wakpa.
Around 1750, a band of Lake Superior Ojibwe, now known as the Mille Lacs Band of
Ojibwe - a band that had been
forced west by Europeans into the Dakota Oyate's Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs) territory
and who had also been tricked by European colonists to instigate
a terrorist attack against the Mdewakanton Dakota, so as to violently force, with the help of the European invaders' guns
and gun powder, the last remaining Mille Lacs Dakota tribe (the Mdewakantons) from their sacred homeland
on the headwaters of the Wakan River.
After forcing the Mdewakanton Dakota from their sacred homeland the Lake Superior Ojibwe band took up
residence in the Mille Lacs area, where they remain
to this present day.
When the Mdewakanton Dakota were forced from their homeland on the headwaters
of the Wakan River all of the Oceti Sakowin Nation's
tribes lost a sacred connection and relationship with their heritage in the Mille Lacs area. I
am trying to recover the Oceti Sakowin Nation's
sacred connection and relationship with its original ancestral homeland in the Mille Lacs area.
I am hoping and praying that in the near future there will be a big Oceti Sakowin Nation gathering and homecoming event held on
the sacred land surrounding the mouth of the Wakan River, or, in other words, on
Mdoteminiwakan, the Oceti Sakowin name for this sacred land. And I am also hoping and praying
that there will be annual Oceti Sakowin Nation gatherings and homecoming events held
on this same sacred land. (On June 30, 2010 a Oceti Sakowin Nation homecoming committee was established.)
Mille Lacs Kathio State Park's name should be changed:
On a Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive sign there are the words: "The park name is steeped in
plenty of history. 'Mille Lacs,'
a French term used by early explorers and fur traders, means '1,000 lakes,' and referred to the
region. The word 'Kathio' has
a more dubious pedigree. Well-known explorer Daniel Greysolon, Sieur duLhut collectively referred
to the area as 'Izatys,' a
name the Mdewakanton Dakota people gave themselves. Sieur du Lhut's poor handwriting caused a
wrong translation of the word
'Izatys'. The 'Iz' was transcribed as a K, and further error caused the name to be Kathio, a
word that translates to nothing.
'Kathio' became a name so attached to the area that the park bears that name today."
And on another Kathio Landmark Trial interpretive sign the following statement is displayed.
"Izatys was DuLhut's phonetic
spelling of a Dakota word that was also recorded as Issatis, Isanti, and Santee. These spellings
of the same term referred
to a collection of villages along Ogechie Lake, Shakopee Lake and Lake Onamia..."
I believe that in order to show due respect for the Dakota people, Mille Lacs "Kathio" State Park
should find a legislator who would craft and introduce a state bill to change the
park's name to a
spelling and pronunciation of the Dakota people's choosing and that the bill should be passed and the name changed to Isanti.
On a Kathio
Landmark Trail interpretive sign, Tim Blue, the Education Director at Eci Nompa Woonspe in Morton,
Minnesota is quoted as
saying: "The name of this place should be Isanti (E-sawn-tay`) State Park, because that is
correct, whereas Kathio is
incorrect. Isan means 'Knife' and Isanti refers to the Knife Lake and Mille Lacs Lake people
of the Dakota nation".
A petition to change the name of Mille Lacs Kathio State Park can be found by clicking
"The Santee Sioux Tribe consists of the members of the Isanti and Ihanktowan divisions of the
Great Sioux Nation.
The Isanti or Dakota people are comprised of four bands that lived on the eastern side of the
An interpretive sign should state that the name "Nadouesioux" is a derogatory
On a Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive sign, there is information displayed that informs its readers
that: "In 1679 duLhut
planted the flag of France at a place he described as the great village of the Nadouesioux, called
'Izatys'." The name
Nadouesioux is a derogatory name. Therefore, I believe that when this derogatory name
on an interpretive sign,
park planners should have also presented a statement that mentioned that Nadouesioux is a derogatory
name. And I believe that they
should have also explained, on that interpretive sign, why it is a derogatory name. This injustice
could be rectified if park planners would
make a new interpretive sign with this new information on it and then display it on the Kathio
The Web site reference source where I learned that the name Nadouesioux is a derogatory name can
be found by clicking
reference. On this Web
site there are the words: "The name 'Sioux' was
given to all Dakota bands in what is now known as the Mille Lacs area by the French. These
fur-trappers and mapmakers corrupted the name
'Nadowessi,' or 'Natawesiwak,' from the now more northern Chippewa, who referred to the Sioux as
enemies. The word which means 'enemy' or 'snake,'
became 'Sioux' when the French added the plural form ('oux') [and] the first part was dropped."
Another reference source can be found by clicking reference. On
this reference source Web site, a Web site titled: "Where did the Blackfoot Sioux live in the 1700-
1800s?" there are the words: "'Sioux' is the name
given this tribe by the US Govt, who got it from a bastardized version from the French, who shortened
the Algonquin compound, nadowe ('snake') plus
siu ('little'), spelled Nadoussioux, by which a neighboring tribe, the Ojibwa or the Ottawa,
referred to the Lakota/Dakota/Nakota people. This term
was meant as an insult, but today the Federal Government of the United States has applied this
name to represent this entire group of Siouan
Another reference source can be found by clicking reference.
On this reference source Web site there are the words: "The Santee Sioux are members of the Great
Sioux Nation. The people of the Sioux Nation refer
to themselves as Dakota or Lakota which means friend or ally. The United States government took the
word Sioux from (Nadowesioux), which comes from
a Chippewa (Ojibway) word which means little snake or enemy. The French traders and trappers who
worked with the Chippewa (Ojibway) people shortened
the word to Sioux."
An interpretive sign should state that the Mdewakanton Dakota were forced to
leave their sacred
Mille Lacs Lake area homeland.
On a Kathio Landmark Trial interpretive sign there is misinformation displayed where in park planners
imply that there may have been a
little Ojibwe pressure put on the Mdewakanton Dakota to leave their sacred ancestral homeland on the
headwaters of the Wakan/"Rum"
River, but not a lot of Ojibwe pressure as some historians claim. And then park planners went even
further with their misinformation
propaganda and displayed radical misinformation on this interpretive
sign by imply that even if there was a little Ojibwe pressure put on the Mdewakanton Dakota to leave
their sacred Mille Lacs Lake area
homeland they all would have never-the-less eventually left without any Ojibwe and/or white European
pressure at all. Or, in
other words, park planners imply on a Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive sign that the Mdewakanton
Dakota left their Mille
Lacs Lake area homeland on their own free will.
However, on a combined Minnesota Highway Department and
Minnesota Historical Society plaque
located near the mouth of the Wakan/"Rum" River there is a presentation of a radically
different historical account as to why and
how the Mdewakanton Dakota left their sacred Mille Lacs Lake area homeland.
On the combined Minnesota Highway Department and Minnesota Historical Society plaque there are the words:
"In this vicinity stood the great Sioux village of "Isatys" where Duluth planted the French arms of
July 2, 1679. The settlement was visited by Father
Hennepin in 1680. About 1750 the Chippewa moving westward from lake Superior captured the village,
and by this decisive battle drove
the Sioux permanently into southern Minnesota.
The Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe oral tradition tells of a mid-1700s battle between the Band's Lake
Superior ancestors and
the Mdewakanton Dakota who lived in the Mille Lacs Lake area at the time. The Mille Lacs Band of
oral tradition also tells that their Lake Superior ancestors invaded the Dakotas Mille Lacs homeland
and during the mid-1700s battle of "Kathio" used the European colonists' gun powder bombs to violently
force the Mdewakanton Dakota from their sacred Mille Lacs Lake area homeland; and that that is how they took possession of the
Mdewakanton Dakota's sacred Mille Lacs land that they now live on.
On a Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive sign there are the words: "Historic records of the late
1700s show that the inhabitants
of this region to be the Ojibwe rather than Dakota. Why the change? Most historians agree that the
Mdewakanton Dakota moved out
of this area around 1750. There are different stories as to how this came about. The Ojibwe oral
tradition tells of a massive,
three-day battle in about 1745. In this story, the Ojibwe forces defeated the Mdewakanton Dakota in
what has become known as
the "Battle of Kathio". This decisive victory is said to have pushed the Mdewakanton Dakota from
this, their homeland, forever.
Dakota oral history does not address such a battle. University of Minnesota archaeologists report
that after years of study no
evidence has been uncovered at any of the Kathio village sites that would substantiate the claim
that a large battle took place
here. They contend that although there may have been small scale skirmishes between the two nations.
The Mdewakanton Dakota
were a population already in transition by the mid-1700s. Moving more and more permanently to the
proximity of trading posts
to the south and prairies to the southwest."
I find it hard to believe that when archaeologists and park planners wrote and displayed the above
statement on an interpretive
sign that they did not believe that the main reason why some of the Mdewakanton Dakota were in
transition by the mid-1700s was
because of problems they were having with the Ojibwe, including violet attacks or "skirmishes" as
well as concerns about
future terrorist attacks by the Ojibwe, who wanted their land for themselves and did not have a
acquiring gun power from the white "settlers" in order to gain an advantage over the Mdewakanton
In the above mentioned Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive sign statement, University of Minnesota
archaeologists and park planners
seem to be covering up the truth in order to hinder the Mdewakanton Dakota from ever being able to
reclaim their sacred homeland
on the headwaters of the Wakan/"Rum" River. Park planners conveniently failed to mention in
the above statement that the
Ojibwe were forced out of their homeland on the East coast by white European colonists and that
that was why the Ojibwe were in
Mdewakanton Dakota territory causing the Mdewakanton Dakota problems. It does not matter if there
was a large battle or
small skirmishes, the Ojibwe were where they should not have been and they were there because they
were forced out of their East
And the archaeologists and park planners also failed to mention the historical evidence that
indicates that it was the strategy
of the white European colonists to use the tribes that they forced out of their homelands to
force other tribes out of their
homelands as they moved westward. And their convenient presumption that because some Mdewakanton
Dakota had left the region they therefore
would not ever have returned to their sacred Mille Lacs Lake area homeland and that the Mdewakanton
Dakota who were still living in their
sacred homeland would have soon moved away from their sacred Mille Lacs Lake area homeland without
any further pressure from the Ojibwe and
Europeans is appalling.
"As Europeans settled the East coast, they displaced eastern tribes who then migrated west to get
away from the White civilization, and
they, in their turn, displaced weaker local tribes they encountered, and pushed many of those
tribes farther west as they took over
their homelands or the original tribes left voluntarily as living conditions became crowded and
A quote from Anton Treuer's book The Ojibwe in Minnesota, "From 1641 to 1701, the Dutch and then
the British armed and encouraged the Iroquois Confederacy
(in the eastern Great Lakes) to attack the French in order to disrupt their trade. They also
encouraged the Iroquois to attack various Indian tribes as the Huron and Ojibwe in order to push
them westward and obtain exclusive access to their trapping grounds."
While migrating west, a displaced band of the Ojibwe, now known as the Mille Lacs
Band of Ojibwe, displaced, with the help of the white man's gun powder, a local tribe,
the Mdewakanton Dakota.
Minnesota DNR information:
"The upper river valley has one of the highest concentration of prehistoric sites in Minnesota. The
area is rich with Indian history, dating
back to more than 3000 years ago. Burial mounds, ricing pits, copper tools and other artifacts have
been found throughout the area. Early
White/Indian intervention played an important role in the settlement of the area by white men. The
French, instigated fights between the
Ojibwe and Dakota so as to ally themselves with the Ojibwe. Furs were the early push for settlement
in the area, and later efforts turned
towards lumbering, which quickly established settlement throughout the area."
During the fur trading era European colonists used the Ojibwe's weakness to abuse alcohol to force the Mdewakanton Dakota from
their sacred Mille Lacs homeland.
Governmental authorities would not regulate the fur trade so that the alcohol abuse related genocide and ethnic cleansing of
native peoples would come to an end.
One historian wrote: "The difficult problem of alcohol in the fur trade was never eliminated.
In fact, its effect on the Indians increased as the fur-bearing animals were depleted and the Indians began to surrender their lands."
When addicted tribes' lands were depleted of fur-bearing animals they would surrender their lands and often invade and steal
other tribes' original lands to acquire furs for more alcohol.
Another historian wrote: "The Ojibwe had used up most of the beaver on their own lands supplying
the French. This forced them to rely more on hunting territory shared peacefully with the Dakota and to look with a
jealous eye on the fur and rice lakes the Dakota had in Minnesota. ... These conflicts became exacerbated with the
arrival of the White cultural, especially with the trading posts selling guns and whiskey."
And on a website open to the public, the Lower Sioux Mdewakanton state their historical perspective
on this subject.
The following two quotes present the Lower Sioux Mdewakanton perspective on why their ancestors left
their sacred homeland on
the headwaters of the "Rum" River around 1750. (1.) "Long ago, the Mdewakanton Dakota lived around
Mille Lacs Lake in central
Minnesota. Around 1750, our ancestors were displaced by another nation,
the Anishinnabe, and they relocated
throughout the southern portion of the state." (2.) "This was not the last time the Mdewakantons
would be forced
into a new home. Treaties in 1851 and 1858 resulted in nearly 7,000 Dakota people being moved onto
a narrow reservation along the Minnesota
On Nebraska's Santee Tribe Web site where is an article with the heading SANTEE SIOUX AGENCY 1918.
In the article, this
former Minnesota Dakota (Santee) Band states that: "The Santee's defeat by the Chippewas at the Battle
of Kathio in the
late 1700s forced them to move to the southern half of the state which
would bring them into
close contact and eventually conflict with the white settlers. From that point on, survival for the
Santee Tribe would become a
And the Flandearu Santee Sioux Tribe states on a website about their history that the "Santee
Sioux" bands "had begun a stage of
transition into a new culture with their expulsion from their traditional
homeland around Mille Lacs.
In the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe book about their heritage, including information about the
"Battle of Kathio" there are the words: "Here the Chippewa also drove them out. The last
of the Spirit Lake Dakota escaped south down the Rum River in their canoes."
Nowhere on any of the Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive signs is it mentioned that the Dakota were
"displaced", "forced", "expelled" or "driven" from their sacred homeland on the headwaters of the Wakan/"Rum" River.
Nor is it mentioned on any of
the trail's interpretive signs that the Dakota were "pressured" by hostile Ojibwe migrating into
central Minnesota territory to leave their sacred homeland on the headwaters of the Wakan/"Rum"
River. Here again, I fine it
appalling that some more of the negative or derogatory history of Mille Lacs Kathio State Park is not
mentioned on any of
the Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive signs.
Therefore, it seems to me that once again park planners are attempting to avoid controversy and
activism by covering
up some more negative or derogatory history associated with Mille Lacs Kathio State Park. But by
attempting to avoid
controversy and activism they, I believe, have been putting a stumbling block in the way of a
righteous movement aimed at
rectifying (not covering up) injustices being perpetrated against the Dakota Nation in the Mille
The impression that I receive when reading an interpretive
sign on the Kathio Landmark Trail is
that the Mdewakanton Dakota simply moved on their own free will, without any pressure from white explorers/setters or any other tribe or
band, to a different location. But according to the Lower Sioux Mdewakanton Community, the Flandearu
Santee Sioux Tribe,
the Santee Tribe of Nebraska and the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe that is not how the ancient Mille
Lacs Lake area Dakota
left their sacred homeland on the headwaters of the Wakan/"Rum" River.
Therefore, I believe that the interpretive signs on the Kathio Landmark Trail do not, in respect
to this subject, give
an accurate and respectable historical account as to why and how the ancient Mille Lacs Lake area
left their sacred homeland on the headwaters of the Wakan/"Rum" River. And I believe that this is
another injustice that
park planners are committing against the Dakota people.
I do not trust white Euro-American historians to give accurate historical descriptions about what
happened in a
particular area if a truthful description could cause the people of the dominate culture to have to
justice to this land's indigenous people for what happened, as is the case (I believe) with the Kathio Landark
sign "history" about of the Mille Lacs Lake area. If the Dakota simply moved on their own free
and without any pressure from white explorers/setters or any other tribe or band to a different
location then they would
not be able to justifiably reclaim any rights to their
sacred ancestral homeland on the headwaters of the Wakan/"Rum" River. Therefore, I believe
that this could be the real
reason why University of Minnesota archaeologists and park planners have presented a different
historical account than that
of the Lower Sioux Mdewakanton Community, the Flandearu Santee Sioux Tribe, the Santee Tribe of
Nebraska and the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe when it comes to answering
the question as to why and how the ancient Mille Lacs area Dakota left their sacred ancestral homeland
on the headwaters
of the Wakan/"Rum" River.
In a Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe book about the Band's heritage, titled: "Against the Tide of American
History: The Story of the
Mille Lacs Anishinabe, there are the words: "As is true of all the Anishinabe or Chippewa who live in
Minnesota, the history of
the Mille Lacs people reaches back into ancient times and other settings in the eastern part of the
United States where their
ancestors lived before they came into the forest and lake country of eastern and northern Minnesota."
"The Anishinabe oral
tradition tells "of a great migration of the Anishinabe from the east to their present location near
the Great Lakes.
And the following statement can also be found in the Mille Lacs Band's book about their heritage:
"The Dakota, according to Warren, occupied the lake (Mille Lacs Lake) at two large villages, one
being located at Cormorant Point
(Nay-Ah-Shing Point) and the other at
the outlet of the lake. A few miles below this last village, they (the Dakota)
considerable village on a smaller
lake, connected with Mille Lacs by a portion of the Rum River which runs though it. These villages
consisted mostly of earthen
wigwams...'. At Nay-ah-shing the Chippewa attacked and destroyed the Dakota village. A few
survivors escaped to the next
village at the outlet of the Rum River. At this village, the Chippewa warriors threw bags of
gunpowder into the smoke holes of
the earth lodges. They exploded killing those inside. The few who escaped from this village moved
to the last village on the
smaller lake. Here the Chippewa also drove them out. The last of the Spirit Lake Dakota escaped
south down the Rum River in
their canoes." "After 1750, the Mille Lacs region became a permanent homeland for many Chippewa
Rev. Sequoyah Ade, an internationally regarded essayist and Indigenist political commentator, wrote:
"Throughout the 500-plus years of European colonial presence in the Americas, the practice of heaping
indignities upon those
displaced has served only to solidify the resolve of those so imposed. By naming this sacred body of
water the "Rum" River,
Europeans sought to extinguish the ancestral ties these Aboriginal people have with the land, their
ancestors and the spirit world.
Evidence of this practice has shown itself time and time again throughout the Americas and is now
facing international pressure in
an effort to correct the sins of the present by recognizing and addressing the history of this
nation. I fully support the effort
to rename this special body of water in respect for the people who belong to the river. We will
Evidence indicates that in the mid-1700's, there was a successful conspiracy committed by the
Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe, together
with the white European ( French) "settlers"/invaders, to violently "drive" the Mdewakanton Dakota from their sacred homeland on
headwaters of the Wakan/"Rum" River. And that after they were violently forced from their
ancestral homeland, another indignity was
laid on them by white men who performed a "perverted" and "punning" translation for the sacred
Oceti Sakowin name for the "Rum"
River, and did so, by translating the sacred Oceti Sakowin name for the river, Wakan
, translated as (Great) Spirit,
to the alcohol spirit "Rum", the poison that was used to steal the Mdewakanton Dakotas sacred homeland located on
the headwaters of the Wakan/"Rum" River. And after over ten years of there being a movement to
change this river's profane and derogatory name,
the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe and the County Commissioners of the "Rum" River corridor still have
not given their support for the
effort to change this river's profane name. Therefore, I believe that their lack of support is
another indignity being committed
against the Oceti Sakowin people.
And I believe that the reason why the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe has not yet given their support
for the effort
to rename the "Rum" River is because the movement to change the name is revitalizing the
Oceti Sakowin people's appreciation of their heritage in the Mille Lacs area; and therefore the Mille Lacs
Band is concerned that if
this revitalizing effort continues because of the growing support base for the effort to rename the
Oceti Sakowin people's increasing appreciation of their heritage in the Mille Lacs area could cause the
Mdewakanton Dakota to
return to their sacred ancestral
homeland in the Mille Lacs Lake
area; and do so, by (the first step) making frequent pilgrimages to their sacred ancestral homeland
to have pow wows, participate in spiritual
ceremonies etc.; and that because of this concern, the Mille Lacs Band Assembly has not yet given
its support for the effort to
change this river's profane and derogatory name.
When Don Wedll was the long range planner for the Mille Lacs Band Of Ojibwe, he gave me feedback in respect
to what prominent members of the
Mille Lacs Band thought of my effort to revert the "Rum" River's profane and derogatory name back to
Dakota name. At the time I found out that they were opposed; and that the reason why was because, as they stated,
"It is ours now".
A Mille Lacs Messenger letter to the editor of mine presents some Mdewakanton Dakota/Ojibwe discussion about the
effort to regain
the sacred Dakota name for the Wakan/"Rum" River. It can be found by clicking
Many members of the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe do not like my effort to revitalize the Dakota people's
appreciation of their heritage in the Mille Lacs area. And as previously mentioned it seems
to me that
why, is because they selfishly want all of the Mille Lacs Lake region for themselves. But there
are some members of the
Mille Lacs Band who support all of my Mille Lacs area Oceti Sakowin rights activist initiatives.
If the Mdewakanton Dakota were "displaced", "forced", "driven", "pushed", "pressured" or "expelled" by European colonists' influenced hostile
Ojibwe to leave their
sacred homeland on the headwaters of the Wakan/"Rum" River, then they should be able to
justifiably reclaim and regain at
least part of their sacred ancestral homeland in the Mille Lacs Lake region. Therefore, I believe
that this is probably why
the Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive signs do not present the correct history about why and how the
left their sacred homeland on the headwaters of the Wakan/"Rum" River.
On a Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive sign, it is stated that there is no archaeological evidence
that indicates that the
Mdewakanton Dakota were violently forced out of the Mille Lacs Lake area. But what are the changes of
finding such evidence?
Very little I suspect. And it is also stated on an interpretive sign that there is no Mdewakanton Dakota oral
account of such a battle.
But if, in the past, the Mdewakanton Dakota would have announced to the public an account of the "Battle of
Kathio" and then asked for
restitution justice they would have been mocked. And this would have hurt them. Hence they probably
decided not to give an oral
account of this battle in their public discourse with non-Indigenous people. And it seems to me that the
Nebraska Santee (Dakota) Tribe,
since 1918 at least, have claimed that the Mdewakanton Dakota were forces out of the Mille Lacs Lake area
during the "Battle Of Kathio".
And even if there never was a "Battle of Kathio", the Mdewakanton Dakota were never-the-less pressured to
leave their sacred
homeland on the headwaters of the Wakan/"Rum" River.
If park planners would acknowledge on a Kathio Landmark Trail interpretive sign that the Dakota
were violenty forced to leave their sacred Mille Lacs area by the European (French) colonists' trickery and
exploitive manipulation of a band of Ojibwe, and also mention on the sign that the Ojibwe
were forced out of their East Coast homeland by European colonists using two other tribes to do so,
and then also mention that after the Ojibwe settled in an unoccupied area, which became their new homeland,
European colonists used the Ojibwe's weakness to abuse alcohol to violently force the Mdewakanton Dakota from their Mille Lacs homeland
by using the European colonists gun powder bombs to do so, and did so after the European (French) invaders instigated fights
between the Mdewakanton Dakota and Ojibwe and then sided with the Ojibwe, it would help to heal the
Mdewakanton nDakota people's wounds. And if park planners would do this the Mdewakanton Dakota would be more likely to reclaim at least a
part of their sacred
ancestral homeland at the headwaters of the Wakan/"Rum" River.
And if the Mdewakanton Dakota were to ask for the right to return to their sacred ancestral homeland...or, in
other words, to Mille Lacs
Lake and the land surrounding this sacred lake and its outlet river, the sacred land/lake/river that
white European invaders and a tricked/manipulate and exploited band of Ojibwe
stole from them, their request would have even more validity because of the fact that the Mdewakanton Dakota have a
"creation story" associated with Mille Lacs
Lake. And because the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe claim that their ancestors used the white man's gun
powder to help them violently force
the Mdewakanton Dakota out of their sacred homeland on the headwaters of the Wakan/"Rum" River this also
would give added validity
to their request for the right to return to their sacred ancestral homeland on the headwaters of
the Wakan/"Rum" River.
I am trying to rectify injustices being perpetrated against the Oceti Sakowin in the Mille Lacs Lake area
so that the
Oceti Sakowin, the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe, and all other people who live in the Mille Lacs Lake area can
live in peace
and harmony with each other. But park planners' neglect to display some negative aspects of the
history of the Mille Lacs
"Kathio" State Park on any interpretive signs is making my efforts to do so more difficult. And I
hope that this injustice will
be rectified in the near future.
In a November 27, 2002 Mille Lacs Messenger letter to the editor of mine, titled:
Regonition initiative, I asked (at the time)
that the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe show due respect for the Mdewakanton Dakota Oyate by:
(1.) Supporting the effort to revert the "Rum" River's profane and derogatory name back to its sacred
Mdewakanton Dakota name.
(2.) Make a public apology to the Mdewakanton Dakota Oyate for what their ancestors did to them during
the "Battle of Kathio".
(3.) Give up their non-removable federally granted status that they gained by fighting against the
Mdewakanton Dakota Oyate and other Dakota people in the 1862 Dakota uprising against the radically abusive mid-1800s whites.
(4.) Sponsor and welcome the Mdewakanton Dakota Oyate to a Mille Lacs area reconciliatory Pow Wow.
(5.) Offer the Mdewakanton Dakota Oyate land for both a museum and shrine.
Out of respect for the Oceti Sakowin people, the City of Wahkon, a city located on the south end of Mille Lacs Lake,
was named after the sacred Oceti Sakowin name for Mille Lacs Lake (Wahkon).
But, unfortunately, much later a bar and liquor store in Wahkon was given a profane and offensive
to the Oceti Sakowin name, that name being "Wahkon Inn".
The badly named "Wahkon Inn" received its current name by way of its owner
performing a punning and desecrating misuse of the sacred Oceti Sakowin
word/name Wahkon. And did so, by changing the real meaning
of Wahkon (Spirit or Great Spirit) to "walk on".
According to this bar and liquor store's owner, "Wahkon Inn" is, in a "joking" way,
suppose to mean "walk on in". The owner of the so-called "Wahkon Inn" has produced and sold advertising
tee shirts and sweaters that display an image of a prospector walking into the
bar and liquor store, along with a display of the descriptive words "Wahkon Inn", meaning "walk on in",
to describe what the prospector is doing. He is pictured walking into the bar and liquor store. Below
that image and descriptive words, there is a
display of that same image of the prospector, but he is now pictured drunk and
crawling out of the bar. The owner of this bar and liquor store also have displayed,
on these same advertizing tee shirts and sweaters, the words describing this despicable scene with
the words "and crawl on out". Hence, the owner of "Wahkon Inn" used Wahkon, Minnesota's sacred
Oceti Sakowin name (Wahkon) to promote alcohol abuse. By doing so, the owner of this bar and liquor store radically
desecrated Wahkon, Minnesota's sacred Oceti Sakowin or Dakota traditional name for their
Great Spirit (Wahkon)
The image of a prospector on these tee shirts and sweaters is the same image that
is displayed on an advertising sign located on the front of the bar and liquor store named "Wahkon Inn".
This advertising sign with the image of a walking prospector displayed on it,
in a "joking" way, changes the real meaning of Wahkon (Spirit or Great Spirit) to mean
"walk on". Hence, this
advertising sign located on "Wahkon Inn" also desecrates the sacred Oceti Sakowin name for Mille Lacs Lake
and their traditional name for their Great Spirit. When this advertising image
of a prospector was used on "Wahkon Inn's" advertising tee shirts and sweaters it
was used as a lead-in to an advertising "joke" that even further desecrates Wahkon,
Minnesota's sacred Oceti Sakowin name [Wahkon].
The Rum River Name Change Organization, American Indian Genocide Museum and Archbishop
Harry Flynn of the Archdiocese of Minneapolis and Saint Paul want the owner of
"Wahkon Inn" to quit demeaning the real meaning of Wahkon, Minnesota's
sacred Oceti Sakowin word/name [Wahkon] And the
only way to do so, is for the owner of this bar and liquor store to change the bar and liquor store's offensive and derogatory name.
On October 16, 2001, I received the following letter from Archbishop Harry Flynn. In this letter
Archbishop Flynn gave his support for my effort to inform and then influence the City of Wahkon to
stop demeaning the real meaning of the sacred Dakota name for Mille Lacs Lake.
Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis
October 16, 2001
Mr. Thomas Dahlheimer
485 West Broadway Street
Wahkon, MN 56386
Dear Mr. Dahlheimer
Thank you for your letter of early October in which you described your efforts regarding the Wahkon
Inn. I agree with you that efforts to advertise this establishment through tee shirts and sweaters
that demean the real meaning of Wahkon are at very least distasteful. I am sure that your work to
engage the public through educational efforts will be helpful. It does seem appropriate for the
Tribal Council to take a stand in this regard since it is their culture and their language that is
being demeaned. I encourage you to continue working with them and applaud your request of them to
assist the members of Sacred Heart Church to come to a greater understanding and appreciation of their
With best wishes in Christ,
Most Reverend Harry J. Flynn, D.D. Archbishop of Saint Paul and Minneapolis
About a moral responsibility to show due respect for Oceti Sakowin sensitivities
in the City of Wahkon, a city named
after, both, the sacred Dakota name for Mille Lacs Lake and also (indirectly) the sacred traditional
Oceti Sakowin name for their Great Spirit (Wahkon).
A previous pastor of Sacred Heart Church in Wahkon (Father Ray Steffes) and I, came to
believe that because Sacred Heart Church
is located in a city named after, both, the Oceti Sakowin's sacred name for Mille Lacs Lake and indirectly after the sacred
traditional Oceti Sakowin name for their Great Spirit (Wahkon), that,
therefore, there were Oceti Sakowin sensitivities
that Sacred Heart Church parishioners should be aware of and show due respect toward, and that this
would include the development and practice
of special morals and ethics associated with these sensitivities.
I believe that Sacred Heart Church parishioners and all the residents of Wahkon, Minnesota,
especially including the City
Council of Wahkon, should be brought to an understanding of what these special Oceti Sakowin
sensitivities are, and their moral
and ethical responsibilities associated with them. And I hope that in the near future some Oceti Sakowin people will come to Wahkon to
help get this message across so
that, both, their sacred Dakota name for Mille Lacs Lake and indirectly their sacred traditional name for their Great Spirit
(Wahkon) will be appropriately respected in the City of Wahkon.
In respect to Wahkon's moral responsibilities associated with showing due respect for
the Oceti Sakowin's sensitivities associated with this city's sacred Oceti Sakowin name, I have
been inspired to develop a number of Oceti Sakowin rights activist initiatives.
I hope to influence the Roman Catholic hierarchy to bring revolutionary changes to the Wahkon
Sacred Heart Church. Revolutionary changes that will help deliver the indigenous peoples
around the world from the Roman Catholic Church's degrading subordination of indigenous peoples and their homelands.
Some of my Oceti Sakowin rights activist initiatives are presented in the following open letter to Bishop John Kinney of Saint Cloud Diocese.
Wahkon, Minnesota's Sacred Heart Church is located in his diocese.
Dear Bishop John Kinney,
I am in the process of trying to persuade some of my relatives, friends and activist acquaintances
to form into an activist group that
would then stage protests against injustices being perpetrated against Indigenous people at Sacred
Heart Church in Wahkon.
If this activist group becomes manifest, we will be gathering near Sacred Heart Church in
Wahkon, Minnesota in order to
protest against the Roman Catholic Church's participation in extreme injustices being
perpetrated against indigenous peoples. Injustices that I believe the Holy See, U.S. Catholic Bishops
(including yourself) and Sacred Heart Church parishioners are complicit in.
If this activist group becomes manifest, we will be standing with protest signs near
Sacred Heart Church before, during,
and after weekend Masses. Some of these protest signs will be similar to the protest signs
displayed on the Web site
The signs will be
protest signs against both the racist name of the Knights of Columbus and the radically unjust [Christian Doctrine of Discovery],
a series of 15th-century papal bulls or degrees that established white European Christian dominion over indigenous pagan
peoples. This injustice has not yet been apologized for nor restitution justice offered by the Holy See. In America, this imposition
of domination over this lands red indigenous peoples was transferred to the United States from Great Britain
by way of the 1783 Treaty of Paris and incorporated into
United States federal "Indian" law. The Holy See and United States Conference of Catholic Bishops have not repented from their
support for the unjust subjugation of Indigenous peoples in the United States.
We will also be holding up protest signs that protest the use of a chemical weapon of warfare in the
ongoing genocide against the indigenous people of the Americas, it being alcoholic, including wine located
on Sacred Heart Church's alter during Masses
References: Protesting against the racist name of the Knights of Columbus
According to a United Nations World Conference Against Racism website document: "In
the fifteenth century, two Papal Bulls set the stage for European domination of the New World and Africa.
issued by Pope Nicholas V to King Alfonso V of Portugal in 1452, declared war against all
non-Christians throughout the world, and specifically sanctioned and promoted the conquest,
colonization, and exploitation of non-Christian nations and their territories." In Pope
Alexander VI's papal bull of 1493 (Inter Caetera), he stated his desire that the "discovered"
people be "subjugated and brought to the faith itself." By this means, said the pope, the
"Christian Empire" would be propagated. These Papal Bulls, or "doctrines of discovery",
sanctioned Christian nations to claim "unoccupied lands", or lands belonging to
"heathens" or "pagans".
According to Cohen, implicit in Vitoria's argument "is the doctrine that
certain basic rights inhere in men as men not be
reason of their race, creed, or color, but by reason of their humanity."... What about the argument that the pope had
granted Indian lands to the kings of Spain and Portugal? Cohen said that Vitoria responded to this argument by
contending that "the Pope had 'no temporal power over the Indian aborigines'" Vitoria further argued that
"a division of the New World by the Pope could serve only as an allocation of zones for trading and
proselytizing purposes, not as a distribution of land."... Cohen also explained how Vitoria had responded
to the argument of "title by discovery." He summarized Vitoria's argument as follows: "Discovery gives title
to lands not already possessed. But as the Indians 'were the true owners, both from the public and the
private standpoint,' the discovery of them by the Spaniards had no more effect on their property than
the discovery of the Spaniards by the Indians had on Spanish property."
The resolution renounces the doctrine "as fundamentally opposed to the
Gospel of Jesus Christ and our understanding of the inherent rights that
individuals and peoples have received from God," and promises to share
the document with its churches, governments within its boundaries, and the
When it comes to property rights, the inherent rights that peoples have received
from God were not based on race, creed, color, nor civilized or un-civilized
status, but by reason of their humanity. Therefore, indigenous peoples'
homelands fully belonged to them when Europeans "discovered" them and the
European colonists and later European Americans had no right to claim them and
subjugate their indigenous habitants. Therefore, the indigenous peoples'
homelands in the "New World" fully belonged them and they still fully belong to
them. A new paradigm is beginning to be established, in part, on this reasoning
Appropriate respect for indigenous peoples would help the people of the dominate
culture in the United States to fully appreciate the wisdom found in traditional
indigenous knowledge, and by doing so, open up the process of bringing radical
transformation to this nation's dominate culture, a transformation that would
cause the people of the dominant culture to become tribal people who would be
dominated (ruled over) by this lands indigenous peoples.
Giving appropriate respect for U.S. indigenous peoples would cause a radical
transformation of the dominate culture. This, however, will not occur until
after the extreme arrogance of the people of the dominate culture has been
eliminated. It's a type of arrogance that has kept them from seeing the truth
about themselves, their history, culture and religion. It will be newly revealed
evidence of the colonists and later Euro-American's radical abuse of this land's
indigenous peoples that will cause cultural mainstream Americans to recognize
their extreme arrogance and repent....
To say that indigenous peoples are "full and equal members of the U.N. family" is to break with a line
of thinking far older than the United Nations itself, going back to and before the foundation case of
U.S. federal Indian law, Johnson v. M'Intosh....The defendant in that case, M'Intosh, "denied the right
of the Indians to be considered as independent communities," and argued that Indians "have never
been admitted into the general society of nations." Chief Justice Marshall borrowed from this
argument to write the decision in the defendant's favor, holding that "Christian discovery" was the
"foundation" of the "paramount title" of the United States.
Therefore, when Duluth planted the flag of France on the Mdewakanton Dakotas sacred Mille Lacs area homeland he was
proclaiming that the Mdewakanton Dakota's Mille Lacs homeland now belonged to France. The indigenous
people of the Americas were red pagans, and not white European Christians, therefore, according
to fifteenth century papal bulls (or, the Doctrine of Discovery), they did not own the land that they were living on, nor
did they have a moral or legal right to own any land. Therefore, the unoccupied land that
the indigenous people discovered and were living on could be claimed (as a European nation's property) by the first European
Christian explorer to plant his nation's flag on it.
Note: After Christian European conquest indigenous peoples
were permitted to occupy portions of territory over which they
had previously owned. These "occupancy rights" were sometimes terminated without any legal
enforceable obligation to compensate the indigenous peoples. And there was an evil thieving process that was used to force
the ancient indigenous habitants to abandon their homelands, which would then cause the white man, according to
his own deranged conscience, to justify taking full ownership of those ancient habitants homelands. And after
indigenous habitants abandoning their homelands for game (which the white invaders drove away) and furs (to trade for alcohol, to satisfy
their addition cravings ref...
would often (armed with the white man's guns and ammunition) invade and
force other (un-armed) tribes to their west from their homelands. Having arrived in other tribes original homelands the white man
would often instigate fights between the displaced tribes and other tribes and then help the displaced tribes to force the original tribes
from their homelands. Then, after they helped force the original indigenous habitants
from their homelands they would give the tribe that helped steal their neighbors land occupancy rights to some of it and take full
possession of the rest of it, leaving the original indigenous habitants with no land and no compensation at all.
The world's indigenous peoples - or "first peoples" - do not share the same story of colonization. In the New World,
white European colonizers arrived and settled suddenly, with drastic results. The indigenous peoples were pushed
aside and marginalized by the dominant descendents of Europeans. Some peoples have disappeared, or nearly so.
Modern estimates place the 15th century, or pre-Columbus, population of North America at 10 to 12 million.
By the 1890s, it had been reduced to approximately 300,000. In parts of Latin America, the results were
similar; in others, there are still majority indigenous populations. But even in those areas, indigenous
people are often at a disadvantage. Indigenous peoples in Latin America still face the same obstacles
as indigenous peoples elsewhere - primarily, separation from their lands. And that separation is usually based
on distinctions originally deriving from race.
"By 1780 there was not a single Dakota village north of the Minnesota River.
When the United States was established, it was founded on the racist "Doctrine of Discovery" and it also approved of
the use of spreading alcohol addition amongst tribes for the propose of having them steal other tribes' original land.
Therefore, it did not give the Dakotas' northern Minnesota land back to them. It took possession of it and gave
the Ojibwe occupancy rights to some of it. The Dakota remain an exiled people to this present-day."
LeMoine LaPointe, director of the Healthy Nations Program at the Minneapolis American Indian Center...says
"reclaiming the Rum River is important to the health of the Dakota community"..."These young people (Dakota youth)
are taking the initiative to scout the length of the river in order for their tribe to become familiar with it,
and in so doing, reclaim their tribal legacy," "The Rum, known for centuries as Wakan Wakpa (Holy River),
is an important spiritual and cultural artery to the Dakota who, until 1745, lived at Mille Lacs (Mde Wakan)
and considered it the center of their world."
The federal recognition of "sovereign nation status" for Indian tribes is insufficient because U.S. tribes
were fully independent sovereign nations and were not subjugated by any other nation, as they are today.
You also wrote: "'So, what I am seeing in this draft is
basically another attempt to return all land previously
occupied by the aboriginal natives 200-plus years ago to the current tribe members.'
The draft is not attempting to do that. The draft states: "Redress can include restitution of
traditionally owned or otherwise occupied or used lands and resources. Or if return of original
lands is not possible, compensation shall take the form of lands, territories and resources equal
in quality, size and legal status,..."
Note: In the above quote the term
"return of original lands" means, according to the United Nations, returning subjugated occupancy rights to the indigenous peoples' dispossessed
original lands. To me the term ultimately means recognizing the inherent full independent sovereignty nations status of the indigenous tribes,
then allowing them to exorcize their sovereignty rights by returning to them absolute root ownership
of their original lands.
Roman Catholic bishops are finally starting to understand that 500-plus years ago their church
instigated an injustice against the indigenous peoples of the Western hemisphere. They need to
apologize for what happened, work toward stopping the ongoing injustice, and offer restitution
to the indigenous peoples of the Americas, which includes protesting against the current
proposed legislation to make "illegal" immigrants felons. It's time to
give the indigenous peoples' homelands back to them and quit imposing our culture on them.
We are Nican Tlaca, the indigenous people of Canada, U.S.,
Mexico, Central and South America. We reject all European divisions of our continent. We
reject the artificial border divisions of our people....We reject the White Supremacist
ideology that claims Europeans are permanently
endowed with the right to define who we are as a people... We include "First Nation"
and "Native American" and "Indigenous People" all as one Indigenous Nation....We say,
"no to occupation!" We say, "this is still our continent!" We say, "Europeans
are the illegals---since 1492.
On the Mexica Movement Website, the movement states that "Europeans have a homeland: EUROPE.
We are only asking unwelcomed guests (racists) to leave our home. These racist Europeans
have a home to go to. The non-racists can be part of a transition to our full independence,
it's not as if Europeans are being asked to go into the Atlantic Ocean. They have a beautiful
home called Europe.
Brothers, sisters, in the spirit of peace and harmony, we are here again to condemn more than 500
years of disregard and criminal pardon given by the Catholic hierarchy to adventurers to the new
world, thereby, seeking to justify the immoral slaughter, the maiming, the enslavement of our native
ancestry, including millions of people throughout the western hemisphere.
In short, for those who do not understand or feel the magnitude of our reprehension,
we are simply here to uncommemorate "Columbus Day." Surely, our stand here today will
draw criticism from some, especially those who love legends like that of the infamous
Christopher Columbus or Captain Cook, and wish to forgive any immoral culpability
that these characters may have had in gruesome encounters with our native ancestry.
Indeed, this is exactly why we are here, to bring attention to the naivete, and how
the edicts of the Catholic Church given by its Pope, professing to have a sanction
from God, printed on round documents, the bulla, more commonly known as the papal
bulls, which authorized these crimes before they were even committed.
In essence, the Catholic Church is responsible for unleashing those ravishing dogs
upon our people. The Church instigated a holocaust bigger and greater than any
holocaust--our holocaust--the native peoples of the Americas. Do we simply forget or do we,
as we are doing, continue to strive for a system of education that recognizes our right to
honor the native souls who came before us, their courage, their achievements, their wisdom, their gifts to us, of custom and culture, and their horrific, honorable sacrifice.
"Our exposure of the Canadian genocide has simultaneously indicted the social order
that gave rise to it. Euro-Canadian Christian society as a whole stands condemned in
the dock alongside those persons who ran the Indian residential schools, sterilized
and murdered children, spread smallpox, and dug mass graves."
"Despite their best efforts to ignore this fact and contain the whole matter
with pseudo "apologies", the Canadian government and its partner Catholic, Anglican
and United churches now face the same kind of historical reckoning that Nazi Germany
did after its defeat in 1945: an awakening to their own criminal nature.
"I then contacted Steven Newcomb, an internationally renowned Indigenous activist who is on the forefront
of the movement to influence Pope Benedict IV to publicly revoke the Doctrine of Discovery, and asked him
for his support and assistance with the draft resolution, which he did give. Newcomb is a columnist for
Indian Country Today (ICT) newspaper, the world's leading Indian news source. A letter to the editor of
mine about my correspondence with Newcomb and the draft resolution that I was asked to write was
published in ICT."
I recently sent information about the resolution and Newcomb's and my correspondence
to Robert Miller,
another renowned leader of the movement to rectify "Doctrine of Discovery" injustices being committed
against Indigenous Peoples. We now correspond. Miller's article "Will others follow Episcopal Church's
lead?" was publish in ICT. As was also an article about his book, "Native America, Discovered and
Conquered: Thomas Jefferson, Lewis & Clark, and Manifest Destiny."
"I am hoping that this resolution will cause the Vatican to break its cover-up silence associated
with the Doctrine of Discovery injustice issue, so that the Minnesota Catholic Conference can
give its support for the passage of this resolution, which would be a big step in the right
direction toward setting Indigenous People free."
Protesting the 1493 Papal Bull Inter Caeters:
"The UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues called for Pope Benedict XVI to revoke the 15th century papal bulls
collectively known as the Doctrine of Discovery. Inter Caetera is one of the Doctrine of Discovery papal bulls.
"After Tony Castanha, an internationally renowned leader of the movement to influence the Roman Catholic hierarchy
to revoke the 15th century Papal Bull [Inter Caetera] read my article "Changing The Racist Name of the Knights of Columbus"
and watched my youtube.com video "Protesting The Racist Name Of the Knights of Columbus" he contacted me and gave his support
for the work I am doing to change our state's derogatory names, influence the Roman Catholic hierarchy to revoke Inter Caetera,
and put an end to the glorification of Christopher Columbus and his knights, who, according to a U.N. World Conference
Against Racism document, committed a genocide against the native people they came in contact with, and did so, by
following the edicts of 15th century popes, as put forth in their Papal Bulls, including the Papal Bull, Inter Caetera."
Both Kevin Annett, the leader of the Canadian movement to expose and
put an end to the radical injustices
still being perpetrated against the aboriginal people of Canada as well as the Board of Directors and Advisory
Board for the American
Indian Genocide Museum, a group of American Indian activists who are exposing and working to put
an end to the radical injustices still being perpetrated against the aboriginal people of the United States, have both given
their support for the effort to change the name of the "Rum River" back to its sacred Dakota name (Wakan). And they also
the Papal Bull Inter Caetera instigated and sanctioned the European and later American/Canadian subjugation of
the indigenous peoples of North America and that the Vatican still promotes this subjugation injustice.
Kevin Annett, the American Indian Genocide Museum and twenty-three organizations
at the 2006 Summit of Indigenous Nations at Bear Butte have stated that they want Pope Benedict XVI
to formally revoke the 1493 Papal Bull Inter Caetera. I also want the Pope to revoke this Papal
Bull. And I want him to come to Wahkon, Minnesota to formally revoke Inter
Caetera, and do so in the presence of both international renowned Indigenous activists of the Western
Hemisphere as well as internationally renowned Indigenous activists located in other areas of
the world where this Roman Catholic Papal Bull is still hurting/oppressing indigenous peoples.
A delegation of indigenous people of the Americas, a delegation that went to Vatican City in order
to ask the Pope to revoke the Inter Ceatera Bull of May 4, 1493, were received at the
Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace.
In a statement presented on their Web site reference, they wrote, when referring to the Pontifical Council for Justice and
Peace: "This is where we have been sending our appeal to the Vatican." We met with a Monsignor
under the President of the Council. He assured us we were on the track, and that the Council was an
important player along with the Secretariat of State. The issue of the revocation of the Bull "Inter
Caetera" has now been submitted to a commission at the Secretariat of State.
This is a victory indicating for the first time that the Vatican will be seriously considering this
issue. Hopefully, it will not be "studied to death"!
The following two statements were made by the indigenous people's delegation to the Vatican.
(1.) "The recent rehabilitation of Galileo and a papal statement condemning Christian complicity in
the Jewish Holocaust warrants a few questions that have remained unanswered for many descendants of those who endured,
resisted and survived European dominion for over the past 500 years: What has the Roman Catholic hierarchy had to say about
the 60,000,000 to 80,000,000 indigenous inhabitants of the Western hemisphere who had perished by the end of the 16th
century?; What have they had to say about the probable 100,000,000 native peoples who were 'eliminated' in the course of
Europe's ongoing 'civilization' of the Western hemisphere"?
(2.) "The answers to these questions have been touched upon in recent papal statements and in the
Pope's New Year's 2000 message
for peace when he writes that, "There is no true peace without fairness, truth, justice and
solidarity." "Fairness," "truth," "justice" and "solidarity" means overturning
the laws of an inherently corrupt system based on Christian dominion that continues to drain the
spirit of all peoples. The Vatican has acknowledged, in theory, its respect for and the equality among
the many religious traditions of the earth, so where's the beef? in order to promote a culture of
peace! There will never be any hope for "true peace" until this degree is repudiated.
On October 4, 2007, I sent an e-mail to Tony Castanha, a leader of the international campaign to influence the Vatican to revoke a 15th century Papal Bull that was responsible for the
atrocities committed against his descendents when Columbus and his knights invaded his people's homeland in 1492. In my e-mail to
Mr. Castanha I mentioned that my article titled Changing The
Racist Name Of The Knights Of Columbus was recently
posted in Indigenous Peoples Literature. In response to my e-mail, Mr. Castanha wrote: "This is
great work you're doing. Please
keep me updated. Best regards, Tony
Tony Castanha also sent me an e-mail wherein he asked me and people all around the world to
participate in the annual Papal Bull burning or ripping protest on October 12. After receiving the e-mail, I contacted Jim Anderson and
mentioned that I would like to get a group of people together and burn a copy of the 15th century papal bull Inter Caetera in front of
the Catholic Church of Saint Stephen in Anoka, Minnesota. He said, "WE SHOULD DO IT" but also mentioned that it was a "strong statement".
On October 12, 2007 I decided to rip up a copy of Inter Cartera in front of the Catholic Church of Saint Stephen in Anoka. Anoka is located
at the confluence of
the Wakan/"Rum" and Mississippi rivers and is a part of the Dakota people's traditional
homeland as well as a sacred site.
To view a video of me ripping up a copy of the Papal Bull Inter Cartera click the arrow in the
following video picture.
I believe that by drawing attention to the Rum River name-change
issue "white guilt" will increase, because of a heightened awareness of the catastrophic
consequences caused by white settlers introducing and selling alcohol to American Indians; and
that this increase of "white guilt" will, in a lot of ways, cause the dominate culture to offer
all American Indians their long over due restitution justice, especially when it comes to making
amends to help American Indians to free themselves from the plague of alcoholism.
Almost every day, I see alcoholic drunkard aboriginal Native Americans from the Isle reservation going to both
the Isle and Wahkon liquor stores to pick up more alcoholic beverages to keep their health destroying alcoholic binges
going. Over the last thirty years, I have witnessed many alcohol abuse related deaths of local Native Americans. Why
can these Native American go to Isle or Wahkon and buy alcoholic beverages but not cocaine, heroin, meth, or even marijuana?
Answer: There are liquor stores in Isle and Wahkon where alcoholic drunkard aboriginal Native Americans can buy
because the prohibition of alcohol laws came to an end and they have not yet been reestablished. And
I believe that the
primary reason why they came to an end and have not yet been reestablished is because the Roman Catholic Church was
opposed to prohibition
(it was the only church to oppose prohibition) and it still believes in and promotes the legalization
of alcohol throughout
our nation, where a multitude of Native Americans suffering from a - largely Catholic influenced -
abuse health epidemic. Note: Two published Mille Lacs Messenger letters to the editor of mine about
this issue, along with information
about a state bill to protect Sacred Native American sites by criminalizing bars and liquor stores
near them, can be found
by clicking reference
The Roman Catholic was opposed to prohibition, a stance that influenced a lot of people to brake the
prohibition laws, which in turn
caused legislators to repeal prohibition. Hence we now have liquor stores in Isle and Wahkon.
(1.) "Speaking in behalf of Blaine (a U.S. Republican Presidential candidate) at a New York City rally, Presbyterian minister Samuel
Burchard denounced the Democrats as the party of "Rum, Romanism, and Rebellion".
(2.) "Every successful temperance movement of the last century has been merely the instrument-the
machinery and equipment through which the fundamental principles of the Christian religion have
expressed themselves in terms of life and action."
(3.) "The fundamental principles of the Christian religion (with the exception of Roman Catholic
principles) damned not only rum, but all of the kindred vices, profaneness and gambling and
beseeched members to discourage...by...
example and influence, every kind
(4.) "Largely middle class, rural, Anglo-Saxon and Protestant comprised the temperance movement and
they confronted the urban and
industrial communities head-on.
(5.) "Calling itself "The Protestant church in action", the Anti-Saloon League concentrated
single-mindedly and evangelically on
the cause of temperance."
(6.) "The focus of the League's indictments included not simply alcohol, but the saloon itself,
as the purveyor of spirits. The
myriad League publications denounced the saloon for annually sending thousands of our youths to
destruction, for corrupting politics,
dissipating workmen's wages, leading astray 60,000 girls each year into lives of immorality and
banishing children from school."
(7.) The League stated: "Liquor is responsible for 19% of the divorces, 25% of the poverty, 25% of
the insanity, 37% of
the pauperism, 45% of child desertion, and 50% of the crime in this country, the League determined.
And this, it concluded ,
is a very conservative estimate."
(8.) "League posters appeared everywhere depicting the saloon-keeper as a profiteer who feasted on
death and enslavement."
(9.)"...while Jewish and Catholic groups generally opposed their (the AntiSallon League's)
And during prohibition neither did the Roman Catholic Church's hierarchical leaders decide that grape juice be
used instead of an alcoholic beverage
(wine) during the last supper segment of the Mass, as I believe they should have. And I believe
that the longer the Catholic Church continues to
both use wine instead of grape juice on the Church's alters during Masses, as well as does not
promote the reestablishment of the
prohibition of alcohol laws, the more it will be stacking up sins for the day of God's judgment.
The hereditary chief of the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe is quoted, in a Mille Lacs Messenger article, as saying -
to a large gathering of band
members; "Alcoholism is not our traditional way. We need to try to pull together and away from
alcohol because it is destroying
Alcoholism is a disease that is destroying Indigenous People throughout the Americas. And the reason
why I believe that they are vulnerable
to this disease is because they have been deeply hurt by the ongoing genocide that the Roman Catholic Church
instigated in 1493 and still promotes today.
The Roman Catholic Church sees that Natives are being destroyed by alcohol but continues to promote the legalization
and availability of alcohol near their
homelands, and this is an example of how the Roman Catholic Church continues to commit genocide against the Indigenous
People of the Western Hemisphere.
And this is why I hope to get an activist group together to protest the use of wine on Sacred Heart
Church's alter during Masses. I am trying
to put an end to the European and Euro-American "Christian" genocidal system that promotes the legalization and
availability of alcohol within the
homelands of the aboriginal people of the Americas. Catholic leaders can see that alcohol is
destroying these aboriginal people, along with
a lot of other people, but never-the-less continue to support the legalization and availability of
alcohol in the Americas.
And I also believe that the Roman Catholic Church's attitude and teachings about alcohol are the primary reason
why there continues to be a multi-racial
health epidemic and related social atrocities associated with the legal use and abuse of alcohol in
not only the Western hemisphere but
also within many other parts of the world where alcohol is still legal and available.
I am on a mission to (first) establish dry (alcohol free) counties within the "Rum River corridor area,
or Mille Lacs, Isanty, Sherburn and Anoka counties. Then, I'll be working to make Minnesota a dry state. And after
Minnesota becomes a dry state I'll be working to make the United States a dry nation. And then I'll
be working to make all other nations throughout the world
dry nations. The alcohol industry is going down!
Our protesting near Sacred Heart Church will hopefully influence the Pope
to come to Wahkon,
Minnesota in order to:
(1.) Apologize for the Roman Catholic Church's instigation and participation in the process of genocide, ethnic cleansing,
slavery and grand theft of indigenous peoples lands as well as for the church's present-day support for the subjugation of these people
and their lands. And do so, in part, by publicly revoking the 1493 Papal Bull Inter Caetera and also by repudiating the
Doctrine of Discovery. And then also repent by making a public statement that the church no longer believes that nation states
should be keeping indigenous peoples and their lands in a state of subjugation.
(2.) Tell the Knights of Columbus to change their racist name.
(3.) Help stop the ongoing alcohol abuse genocide of indigenous people by performing a sacred ceremony in Wahkon, Minnesota wherein he
discontinues the use of the alcoholic beverage (wine) during the last supper segment of the Mass.
And also by sending a letter from Wahkon, Minnesota to the governments of the nations throughout
the world where alcohol is a legal substance, advising them to criminalize alcohol.
(4.) Make a pronouncement to the world community of nations that the age of multiculturalism, an age
wherein the Church has been going in the wrong direction by being extremely Euro-centric, has, from
the Church's view point, come to an end. And that the age of globalization has arrived. An age wherein
the Church - after it has been disestablished (by eliminating old outdated dogmas) and then
re-established as a non-Christian universal religion - will work to evangelize all nations and tribes into
a new universal religion that will serve as the basis and principle of unity for a single
unite global culture, a culture made up of the best of the past of
all the earth's different peoples' traditions and cultures, a culture that will be wahkon (holy).
Or, in other words, a culture predominantly permeated with the traditions and cultures of the aboriginal
people of the Americas, a culture wherein the world will hopefully soon be united.