.......................................The Coldwater Spring Deception
................................................by Thomas Ivan Dahlheimer
---------------------------------Deceptive Protesters at Coldwater Spring
In the National Park Service's Coldwater Spring
Sacred Site and Traditional Cultural Property Analysis
there are a couple of statements by Gary Cavender. He was a
Dakota elder at the time of his NPS testimony. He is now deceased.
"There are seven groups of Dakota [Mdewakanton, Wahpekute, Wahpeton,
Sisseton, Yankton, Yanktonai, and Teton]. There are seven stars in the
constellation of Orion. We are the spirit beings from the constellation of Orion
and those seven stars. This whole area [Mdote] is important to us because this is
where we first came as spirit beings - to the confluence of the Mississippi and
Minnesota rivers. We spread out from there becoming human beings as we spread out from there."
from Coldwater Spring comes out from underneath the land and some of the spirit beings that arrived
went into the water and they appeared on earth here and so became Dakotahs."
--------------------------------Mdote area (Coldwater Spring)
The original and authentic Dakota origin creation story actually says the Dakota's place of origin
is near Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake), or "about the lakes at the head of the Rum River." A related
Dakota origin creation story says that after a flood some of the people entered into Mille Lacs Lake and lived underwater, and later
emerged from the sacred lake. Today's Dakotahs are descendants of the Mille Lacs Lake underwater
people who emerged from the sacred lake as human beings into this world.
-------------------------------------Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake)
In the book Lakota Society by James R. Walker, Raymond J. Demallie (Editor), there are quite a
few reference books sited that bear fruit on the issue of place of Lakota/Dakota/Sioux origin.
One of them is The Mysterious Lake, by Elaine Jahner, a former professor of English and Native
American studies at Dartmouth College, who comments on Walker's work.
"The second of Walker's publications on Lakota society is a brief section in
'The Sun Dance' (1917, pp. 72-78). Here the focus is on political organization.
He discusses the Origin of the Sioux near Sacred Lake (Mille Lacs, Minnesota),
their subsequent division into the Seven Council Fires, and the continued
division of each of the Fires (otonwepi), divisions) into tribes (ospayepi)
and bands (ti-ospayepi)."
The Lakota/Dakota/Sioux (or, Oceti Sakowin 'Seven Council Fires') call the
"Rum River" Wakpa Wakan (Spirit River).
This river is Mille Lacs Lake's outlet river. For several hundred years there
were Dakota or Oceti Sakowin 'Seven Council Fires' villages located at Mille Lacs Lake.
On a Mille Lacs Kathio State
Chief Leonard E. Wabasha is quoted as saying:
"Father Louis Hennepin visited the Sioux at Mille Lacs Lake in 1680 and reported that it was the sacred
lake of these Indians and the focal point of the whole nation, from which the tribes and
bands spread out over a wide area. (Wilford 1944:329)."
"In 1656, the Dakotas were living near Mille Lacs in five villages numbering about 5,000 people. It is
possible that the Tetons and Yanktons had at this point already began migrating west, although
Hennepin found them above the Falls of St. Anthony on the Mississippi River in 1680. In 1701, they
were at Lake Traverse. The Yankon and Yantonai left Mille Lacs
at about this time." (Flandreau Santee Sioux website)
"From what was written on this subject by Hennepin, La Hontan, Le Sueur, and Charlevoix, and from
the maps published under the superintendence of these authors, it is sufficiently clear that in the latter part of the
17th century the principal residence of the Isanyati Sioux [Mdewakanton, Wahpeton, Wahpekute,
and Sisseton] was about the headwaters of Rum river, whence they extended their hunts to St Croix
and Mississippi rivers, and down the latter nearly or quite as far as the mouth of the Wisconsin."
(Minn. Hist. Soc. Coll, I, 295, 1872.)
The Dakota's values began to change when they learned about the European East Coast invasion and
brutal westward incursions into Native territory. The Europeans were causing intertribal wars by
promoting the fur trade. Eastern tribes were being armed with guns, and alcohol addiction was causing
the armed eastern tribes to move west and force the unarmed western tribes from their homelands, so
as to get more furs to trade for more alcohol. These imposing imperialistic policies of the Europeans
caused many tribes to decide that their new guiding principle would have to be "survival
of the fittest, take what you can from others." At the time, many tribes abandoned their respect for the
property rights of other tribes.
At the time, the Dakotas abandoned their respect for the Iowa tribe's property rights, whose
homelands were about 100 miles south of Mille Lacs Lake, including the land at the confluence of
the Minnesota and Mississippi rivers (the Mdote area). In 1685, the Dakotas invaded and forced the
Iowa from their Minnesota homelands and then some of the Dakotas took up residence in those Iowa
ancestral/traditional homelands, including the "Mdote" area.
In 1745, after most of the Dakotas of the four tribes of the "Isanyati Sioux" were
forced from their Mille Lacs homeland by the French, who armed and used a displaced East Coast band
of Ojibwe to do the actual fighting, some of the exiled Mdewakantons moved to the confluence of the
Minnesota & Mississippi rivers, causing the Mdewakanton population of the "Mdote" area to
Years later, when Mdewakantons were still living in the Mdote area, missionary Gideon
Pond was editing a monthly newspaper named the Dakota Friend, published by the
Dakota Mission. A purpose of the paper was to pass on information about the tribe to the
Whiteman. In May 1851, Pond wrote in the Dakota Friend, "The Mdewakantonwan tradition
asserts that they sprang into existence about the lakes at the head of the Rum River."
In 1851 where was no Mdewakantonwan nor Lakota/Dakota creation story in the Mdote area.
All seven bands had the same Dakota origin creation story/site/tradition.
In a video by Twin Cities Public Television, a video titled The Past Is Alive Within Us:
The U.S. ~ Dakota Conflict, there are the following incorrect statements. "Coldwater Spring
is a very significant site to the Dakota...Creation stories that draw us to this location..."
In response to these statements John LaBatte, a renowned historian who is part Dakota, wrote:
Incorrect ~ It is not significant to all Dakota.
Incorrect ~ These creation stories are very recent. Lake Mille lacs has been for many
years the Dakota place of creation.
When referring to the Mdote area, Labatte also wrote: That this was the Dakota place of creation
is a relatively recent belief by a few. For more than 150 years the Mille lacs Lake area has been the
Dakota place of creation.
There is a 150 year old written account that says that the Mille Lacs Lake area is the
Dakota place of origin. In the Dakota's oral tradition the Mille Lacs Lake area has
been known/confirmed to be their place of creation for hundreds of years.
I am an activist who is working with four other historian
activists to expose a group of deceptive Minnesota Dakota activists and their
white historian supporters who, together, created and are promoting a deceptive
revision of history that steals the sacred site history from Mille Lacs Lake
and other sacred Dakota places and moves it to the confluence of the Minnesota
& Mississippi rivers and Coldwater Spring. The reason why they are doing this despicable act is
to gain leverage to accomplish their activist goals in the Mdote area.
Fort Snelling is located at the confluence of the Minnesota and Mississippi rivers. The deceptive
Dakota activists and their allies believe that the
fort is an icon of American colonialism, and a symbol of American imperialism and
oppressive domination over this land's indigenous peoples. The leaders of this group of deceptive
Dakota activists are leaders of an Indigenous decolonization movement of North America and have
gained U.S. national
This group of deceptive Dakota activists and their allies are wrongly claiming that
the Dakota are the original people of Minnesota, especially including (1.) Mdote (the confluence)
and the Coldwater Spring area, and (2.)
the "sacred" land that the replica of the original military fort at Fort Snelling is
now setting on. They want the replica fort
demolished and the land returned to a pristine condition. They also want the land
turned over to the care and jurisdiction of Dakota people. They also want Coldwater
Spring and the land surrounding it turned over to the care and jurisdiction of Dakota
The Mdote area initiatives of the deceptive Dakota activists are intertwined
with their leaders' nationally recognized leadership role of an Indigenous decolonization
movement. Some of these deceptive Dakota activists also want to gain federal
recognition as a tribe and have a casino in the Mdote area. This is what is causing this group
of deceptive Dakota activists and their allies to steal sacred site history from Mille Lacs Lake and
other sacred Dakota places. It gives them leverage to accomplish their activist goals
in the Mdote area - and it also helps them to promote their importance in a growing
Indigenous decolonization movement.
There is no written/documented account of a, combined, confluence of the Minnesota & Mississippi
rivers and Coldwater Spring, Dakota origin creation story or tradition. And there is no
written account of a Dakota creation story that states Dakota origin was at either
the confluence or the spring.
NPS report there are joint letters presented
from the four registered
Minnesota Dakota tribes. In the letters these tribes did not state that the Mdote area is the
sacred site of Dakota origin, or that there is a Dakota creation story associated with
the Mdote area, or Coldwater Spring. Plus, in one of the joint letters, the letter that
addressed the importance of Coldwater Spring to the Dakota, the spring was not declared sacred,
or a sacred site. And the newly made up Mdote area oral "creation story" that Carvender
presented to the NPS is contradicted by credible written and traditional oral creation
storys that say the Dakota's Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) ancestral
homeland-including "about the lakes at the head of the Rum River," is the sacred place/site
of Dakota origin.
Some historians and other people who know Minnesota Native history have written
reviews that state that Gary Cavender's NPS testimony
about the Dakota's origins is a newly made up (fake) creation story, and that it is
propaganda that helps promote a deceptive Dakota group's agenda in the Mdote area.
Bruce White is a historian who supports the deceptive Dakota group's agenda, he wrote:
"The fact that the Bureau of Mines site is important historically and culturally to the
Dakota--as the site of creation for the people--is an
important aspect of the site...Yet the agency that refuses to recognize the Dakota importance of the site has now
been given the property."
In other words, the National Park Service believes there
is NOT an authentic/valid creation story at Coldwater Spring, or the story is a deceptive ploy,
and therefore it believes
that the spring and surrounding land (or Bureau of Mines site) is NOT "the site of
creation for the people."
Dave Fudally is a
historian who is opposed
to Bruce White's and the deceptive Dakota group's agenda. He has an
Amazon.com on-line book review about this topic for the public to read.
Mr. Fudally's Amazon.com name is starsailing. He has 26 years of study on Coldwater Spring
since 1986 when he discovered the site. He continues to work to preserve the spring and educate the public about
the true history of the spring and the entire Mdote area.
Fudally met Gary Cavender back in 1991 after he had a Minnesota Historical Society marker ceremony at
Coldwater Spring. Carvender learned about the
spring from Fudally. When the Dakota Society first met, Carvender heard Fudally talk about the
spring at that meeting and then at other DS meetings as well. For years, Fudally never heard Carvender say anything
about the spring. What Carvender presented in his NPS testimony was a "creation story" - made up after
he and his co-conspiring associates became interested in the Coldwater Spring site, which was Bureau
of Mines Property (federal land), knowing
that natives had (under certain circumstances) the first right to claim land if
it was to leave federal ownership.
For years, Carvender never said one word about
Coldwater Spring site to Fudally, and then after the site was potentially going to be available
for Dakota natives to claim, he claimed that the Coldwater Spring-confluence of the Mississippi
& Minnesota rivers site (or the Mdote area) was the site/area of Dakota origin.
According to Fudally, the only documented/written account, an invalid account, of a
so-called "Dakota creation story and origin site" (probably a Cheyenne creation story) that
could possibly be within the Mdote area was by an unknown Frenchman. I believe that an unknown
Frenchman's inaccurate and invalid 1720 written account of a so-called "Dakota creation story"
is not a credible source to base a people's creation origin tradition on. And the story says
nothing about Mdote (the confluence) or Coldwater Spring.
Bruce White quoted the story in his latest book, but stated in the book that he doubts the accuracy
of the French manuscript, and says it "may be a mixture from various native groups."
This 1720 document was criticized in the late 1800's for its inaccuracy.
The French writer "seems to have had some informers" who were not Dakota, and
who were "not clear to distinguish between Dakota customs and those of other
MACALESTER COLLEGE CONTRIBUTIONS:
Department of History, Literature and
MEMOIR OF THE SIOUX: A MANUSCRIPT IN
THE FRENCH ARCHIVES, NOW FIRST
PRINTED, WITH INTRODUCTION AND NOTES.
by Edward D. Neill D.D. 1890
Here... Pages 239 and 240
Here's the inaccurate and invalid written account: A 1720
French manuscript states "the first Sciou
and the first woman of their tribe came out of the earth, which brought them forth
on a prairie south of St. Anthony Falls, and that the earth was made by a turtle, to which
they assign no origin."
Did the "informers" tell the Frence writer about a Cheyenne creation story and
origin site located south of St. Anthony Falls and mistakenly refer to it as a "Sciou" creation
story and origin site?
In the Dakota creation story a [muskrat] arose from the beneath the water and brought dirt
to the surface, not
a [turtle], as stated in a Cheyenne creation story.
Cheyenne creation story: [The earth was made by a turtle] The veteran Sioux missionary,
Williamson, says that according to concurrent and reliable Sioux tradition the
Cheyenne preceded the Sioux in the occupancy of the upper Mississippi region, and
were found by them already established on the Minnesota.
ref. In one of the creation
stories told by the Cheyenne, neighbors of the Lakota, before people lived on the
earth it was covered by water. The Creator wanted to use mud from under the water
to make solid ground, but needed a place to put the mud on top of the water.
Turtle rose to the top of the water to carry the mud that became earth.
Dakota creation story: [The earth was made by a muskrat] At a time when all that
was visible in the world was water, Unktehi, a water monster, sent various animals
down into the water one by one to reach the bottom and find a piece of dirt and
proclaimed death to the disobedient. The beaver
and others forfeited their lives. After many animals tried and died in the effort the
muskrat arose exhausted from the water carrying some dirt that became earth.
ref. [see page 267]
The inaccurate 1720 written account of a so-called "Sioux
creation story" (probably a Cheyenne creation story) that states
that the "Sioux"/Dakota [came out
of the earth] contradicts the newly made
up oral ["out of the water"] creation story, which says the confluence of the Mississippi
& Minnesota rivers and Coldwater Spring is the place of Dakota origin. And these
so-called "creation stories" are refuted by the Dakota themselves.
I believe that when either one of these so-called "Dakota origin creation stories," the "south of St.
Anthony Falls" story or the "confluence of the Minnesota &
Mississippi rivers and Coldwater Spring" story, is claimed to be the
"Dakota creation story and origin site", or the "first Dakota creation story and origin site" this is deceptive
and very wrong. And I also believe that it is wrong to claim
there is a "Mdote area Dakota origin creation site." In addition, I believe that it is also wrong to claim
that the Mdote area is the "Mdewakanton's place of origin."
There are several Dakota creation stories. Some of these stories mention where the
Dakota's place of origin is located, the others do not. There is a creation
story that says the Dakota came into exsistence
about the lakes at the head of the Rum River (near Mille Lacs Lake). Another related creation
story says that after a flood some of the people entered into Mille Lacs Lake and lived underwater, and
later emerged from the sacred lake as human beings into this world. And another
creation story, a recently made up creation story, says the Dakota
people came from the Black Hills in South Dakota, literally emerging from the Earth
at a place called Wind Cave.
Here's the Bde/Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) Dakota (Oceti Sakowin 'Seven Council Fires')
creation story: After the flood, some of the people lived under the water at Bde Tanka
of Bde Wakan. One day a young boy and his sister were walking together. The boy looked up
and saw mniyomni to,
a blue whirlpool, above them and reached up for it. The whirlpool pulled him up to the
surface and threw him out onto the shore. A beautiful place of trees and hills. His sister
followed the bubbles of the mniyomni, reached up, and was also thrown ashore. She
followed her brother's footprints, eating roots and berries along the way, and
picked up a small stone to suck in order to quench her thirst. Amazed at the beauty
of the place, she was distracted and swallowed the stone. It traveled through
her body and was born a child called Inyan Hoksida, Stone Boy. This is how the
people walked out of the lake and became people who walk on the land again."
The following interpretation of the name Mdewakanton, an interpretation that incorporates the Dakota's
origin creation story at Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake), is displayed on the Prairie Island
Mdewakanton Dakota Community website. "The Mdewakanton, 'those who were born of the waters'"
On the Prairie Island Mdewakanton Dakota Community website there are the
words: "For many hundreds of years we have inhabited this area of Minnesota.
The Prairie Island people are part of a larger group called the Dwellers of the Spirit Lake,
in our language the Mde wakan ed otunwahe. Over the years this name has been
shortened to Mdewakantonwan or Mdewakanton (M'DAY-wah-kahn-tahn)." The Mdewakanton
'Dwellers of the Spirit Lake' are the people who were 'born of the waters' of
Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake).
Today, all the people of the seven groups of the Oceti Sakowin are
descendants of the original Mdewakantons, who lived in villages
located near or on the shore of Mille Lacs Lake
and in other northern Minnesota areas, and considered Mille Lacs Lake (Mde Wakan) the center of
the world and their Mille Lacs Lake area homeland the place of their creation origin.
Historian John LaBatte wrote: There are several Dakota creation stories. A sign,
in Kathio State Park, authored by Leonard Wabasha, Lower Sioux Community, states
that Mille lacs Lake is our Dakota place of creation. In recent years, this
history has been revised to claim that the mouth of the Minnesota River
was the Dakota place of creation.
The first [Mdota area] deceptive and controversial Dakota activist initiative began in 1988. A group of
Dakota activists were trying to stop the construction of the rerouted Highway 55. They claimed
that "four sacred trees" were in the path of the planned construction of Highway 55 and that
these trees were "sacred" because they were planted there to mark the burial grounds of some of their
Dakota ancestors. After this activist initiative of theirs failed they started to claim that
the near by Coldwater Spring site was sacred to the Dakota people and that they, therefore,
wanted it to be designation as a Traditional Cultural Property and then turned over to the
care and jurisdiction of the Dakota people.
After a thorough review by the Minnesota Indian Affairs Council, which is made up of the tribal
chairs of the State's eleven federally recognized tribes and is responsible for determining
the cultural significance of such sites, it was determined that no substantial evidence
exists that the proposed Highway 55 rerouting would directly impact any such site...
(T)o attempt to exploit a piece of land for the purpose of simply stopping the rerouting
of a highway, is not only wrong, in the long run it hurts our efforts to protect sites
that are truly sacred and culturally significant. -Minnesota Indian Affairs Council,
letter to the St. Paul Pioneer Press, October 5, 1998.
When addressing the controversial activist initiative associated with the ~ mouth of the
Minnesota River and Coldwater Spring ~ so-called "Dakota
creation story and origin site", a very recently made up story, Sheldon
Wolfchild, former Chairman of the Lower Sioux Mdewakanton Dakota Community, gave
a speech (recorded in a
video) to a group of people and said that there
is a lake under the Wakan Tipi/Coldwater Spring area that is called "Spirit Lake" and
that this lake is where his people came from (emerged from it and came up through Coldwater Spring), and that it was not Mille Lacs Lake
(Mde Wakan - Spirit Lake) that his people emerged from. This is an example of a deceptive revision
of history that takes/steals the Mille Lacs Lake creation story
and moves it to the Mdote area. [Evidence that future proves Wolfchild's claim is false
is presented in the following pages.]
In the Star Tribune article Coldwater Spring debuts with a new look its author
Tom Meeksman wrote: Wolfchild said the Interior Department should give the land back to
the Dakota. Spiritually and historically, he said, it has been a place of origin,
creation and beginning for Indian people.
Nowdays, Wolfchild is saying that the Dakota sprang into exsistence from
a Mdote area mound located south of Saint Anthony Falls.
It seems to me that the above information presents evidence that proves that the first
Dakota origin creation stories place the Dakota's origins at Mille Lacs Lake (Mde Wakan -
Spirit Lake) and that there is not even an authentic/valid Dakota creation story that places
the Dakota's origin in the Mdote area.
[Note: Mendota is a city in the Mdote area and the word Mendota is
sometimes used to describe the Mdote area.]
A comment by a Dakota elder:
"The natives of Mendota are called Mdewakantons for a reason."
"In all my travels amongst the people I personally have never heard
it said that Mendota was credited with being the 'Center' of Dakota origins.
Mendota was given this particular spelling and pronunciation by the American
Fur Company who established a fur trading post there and the word itself
comes from the Dakota word 'mdote' meaning where 'one river joins another
or meets another' (the St Peters River now called the Minnesota R., and the Miss. R.)
Ft. Snelling was established by the American gov't near that location
to claim, protect, and establish their influence in the region. The
natives of Mendota are called Mdewakantons for a reason. When working
amongst my Lakotah brothers even they referred to their place
of origins as 'Spirit Lake' (Mille Lacs Lake). More can be said
of the above issue but will let this suffice for now."
[Note: The name Lakotah (Lakota) is sometimes used to refer to only the Western Dakota.]
Bruce White is a co-author of a book titled Mni Sota Makoce: The Land of the Dakota. He is
a white man who is being accused, by historians, of co-conspiring with a deceptive group
of Dakota natives who have a Mdote area propagandizing agenda.
White and the deceptive group of Dakota
natives keep spreading their propaganda, so as to mislead people into believing that the Mdote
area was, and still is, the Dakota people's most sacred site, "where the Dakota would return,
as prophesied by elders generations ago, to bring Dakota culture back to its place of origin and
protect its sacred sites." Oh! And most of these deceptive natives, a group of Mendota Mdewakanton
Dakota, also want to gain land from the U.S. government
and have a casino there, where they can make a lot of MONEY! White and a deceptive group
of Dakota natives demean and desecrate other sacred Dakota sites, even
the Dakota's most sacred site in Minnesota, Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake), the Dakota's
place of origin, to promote their scandalous agenda. (Some Lakota/Dakota natives believe
that their people's most sacred Minnesota site is the Pipestone Quarry near Pipestone, MN.)
On the Mendota Mdewakanton Dakota Community's
website there are the deceptive words: "Many generations ago,
our elders prophesied that a time would come when their descendants would return to
the birthplace of the Dakota Nation to protect its sacred sites and bring Dakota
culture back to its place of origin. This place is the Mendota area..." The "birth place of the
Dakota Nation" and "the origin of Dakota culture" is NOT the Mendota area, it is the
MILLE LACS LAKE AREA.
In the book Landscapes of Clearance: Archaeological and Anthropological Perspectives,
two professors of anthropology, Angele Smith and Amy Gazin-Schwartz, wrote:
Gibbon (2003: 38-46) proposed a model for the
origin of the Dakota out of a wild rice-gathering complex called Psinonani
near Mille Lacs Lake, Minnesota, area which he says "suddenly replaced this
Terminal Woodland lifeway about AD 1300" (Gibbon 2003:38). ref. Guy Gibbon is
professor emeritus of anthropology at the University of Minnesota.
He is the author or editor of several books, including The Sioux: The Dakota
and Lakota Nations and Archaeology of Prehistoric Native America: An Encyclopedia.
The Dakota are returning to their sacred Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) ancestral homeland,
the birth place of the Dakota Nation,
to bring Dakota culture back to its place of origin and protect its sacred sites, as
prophesied by elders many generations ago.
In a Mni Sota Makoce: The Land of the Dakota
book review Fudally wrote: "Instead of presenting all the facts, the author presents
half truths in an attempt to convince those who don't know their history, that the
stories of other areas and other places, actually happened at Camp Coldwater instead!" [
Coldwater includes Coldwater Spring, Mdote (confluence)
and the surrounding land. It's the Mdote area.]
Lance M. Foster, an Iowa tribe historian, wrote: "Our traditions hold that our
Iowa and Otoe peoples were the first people in southeastern Minnesota, from
at least A.D. 900 to 1700, from the maps and oral testimonies by our Ioway
elders No Heart and Waw-no-que-skoona, documented in the 1830s and 1840s.
Our Sioux brothers and sisters at that time were further north, towards
Mille Lacs, until the late 1600s. Until that time, we had been friends and allies.
We have stories about that. In fact, when the French came to the area looking
to establish trading posts in the 1680s, the Sioux told them that the
Minnesota River, Blue Earth area, and so on, was the land of the
Iowas (ah-yo-way: spelled Ayoes, Ayavois, or pa-xo-che: spelled Paotet, etc.).
After the French
assisted a band of Ojibwe to force most of the Isanti
leave their sacred Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) homeland
ref., some of the exiled Dakota moved south to "the country
about the mouth
of the Minnesota river" (the Mendota/Mdote area), an area that belonged to the Iowa tribe until the
Dakota forced them from it in 1685. Now some deceptive Dakota natives claim
their people (the Oceti Sakowin or Sioux) were the original people of the Mdote area and it's
their people's place of origin and the central place for the Dakota to return to, reclaim
Coldwater Spring and the surrounding land should
be given back to the Iowa tribe. The Iowa were there first. And the Iowa tribe
declared Coldwater Spring sacred five years before the Lower Sioux Indian Community did,
and the other three federally recognized Minnesota Dakota bands did not even declare
the spring sacred. And only two bands of the fourteen Dakota bands located in other states have
declared it sacred. And as far as I know, no Dakota bands in Canada have declared
It was a part of the colonization process for European colonists to
use newly arrived eastern tribes that had been
forced from their homelands (by colonists and their alcohol manipulated "Indian" allies)
into western tribes' territories-to violently
force long established tribes from their sacred ancestral homelands, which they had strong pagan/heathen
religious attachments to. The European colonists and
Euro-American "settlers" wanted to Christianize and "civilize" the "savages" - and forcing them from their
sacred homelands made it easier to accomplish
this goal of theirs.
The Christians' Lord said [Num. 33:51] "You must drive all the natives of the land before you.
If you do not drive the natives of the country before you then those who remain will become
disgusting to your eyes and a thorn in your side. They will harass you in the land where you
live, and I will deal with you as I meant to deal with them." The Christians' Lord also
said [Psalm 2 KJV]..."I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost
parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou
shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel."
A statement on the Minnesota DNR website reads: Early White/Indian intervention played an
important role in the settlement of the area by white men. The French, instigated fights
between the Ojibwe and Dakota so as to ally themselves with the Ojibwe.
Dutch and British colonists used the Iroquois to force the Ojibwe from their East Coast homeland.
ref. The French then
tricked and used a band of newly arrived Ojibwe to force most of the Dakota living in the Mille
Lacs area from their sacred homeland
ref.. In 1685, the
colonizing influences caused the Dakota to force the Iowa from their sacred homeland at the mouth
of the Minnesota River. Decolonization justice
demands that the Dakota help the Iowa tribe regain this sacred site of theirs, including
If the Dakota bands give due respect to, both, the Iowa tribe and the sacred Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake)
Dakota origin creation story and site, then I support the Dakota bands declaring
the Mdote area sacred. The Iowa and Dakota people can share the true sacred site history of this area. The
Iowa people having paramount or superior rights to the area's shared sacred sites.
Here's another historian's Mni Sota Makoce: The Land of the Dakota
book review statement that
accuses the book's authors of being intentionally deceptive:
Titled: History or not
history, that is the question
The more you look into the sources, the more
apparent the removal of history is the norm in this book. The
Dakota, the predominant Indian culture here today were originally
from Northern Minnesota. Why is this important? Because the book
goes out of its way to establish the Dakota creation story south
of St. Anthony Falls. It does so at the expense of removing
entire other tribes, such as the Iowa, from the history of Minnesota.
Fudally's Mni Sota Makoce: The Land of the Dakota book review
Agenda in book causes history to be told as it wasn't.
His Amazon.com book review and comments expose the disgraceful agenda of a
group of deceptive Dakota natives and their chief white historian and author, Bruce White.
Fudally wrote: "The agenda of this author is quite clear to this historian, that in order to
lay claim to the mouth of the Minnesota river to be the new Dakota creation site,
facts of the Ayavois and Octatas living in the area up to 1700 must be eliminated."
[Ayavois is another name for the Iowa]
"Ask yourself, why did author just leave out those facts that state during the
year 1700, the Ayavois and Octatas were in possession of the Minnesota River
per Mantanton Dakota, and LeSueur was expecting to find them there? [Ref:
Memoires de Mr. Le Sueur and History of Hennepin County 1881 Rev Neil.]"
In an Amazon.com book review
comment, Fudally wrote: "....the Dakota themselves
document taking the land from the Iowa while the Dakota lived
in the region about Mille Lacs Lake."
On the Preserve Camp Coldwater website there are the following statements:
Black Tomahawk, Dakota Indian historian early 1800's, documents the Dakota taking
the lands of the Iowa Indians in 3 battles along the St Peter (now Minnesota) River Near Quinn's home (East Bloomington), Grey Iron's planting field (South of St Peter R. present Burnsville/Eagan border) and at Pilot Knob hill Mendota.
Ref: Mn Historical Collections, Iowa Indians and the Mounds by Gideon Pond. The battles would
be about the year 1685.
The first documented Dakota village, "at the mouth of the river St. Pierre, on the bank of
which were Mantantans" in 1689 by Nicolas Perrot. Ref: The History of Hennepin Cty 1881
This is the basis of the controversy about where the Dakota's
came from. If the Iowa were there, then that brings into question the entire testimony
of the elders saying Coldwater is the Dakota "Garden of Eden"
and validates the
federally recognized Dakota tribes
at Mille Lacs Lake and the markers previously placed by them there. In a nutshell the
Dakota and Ojibwa were already in a war when the first French trader met the Ojibwa in
the 1660 ref; Pierre Esprit de Radisson who left a written account at that time.
The French traded with the Ojibwa and they were able to defeat the Dakota and
pushed them off of Mille Lacs Lake to the south. The Dakota pushed the Iowa
further to the south as well.
It is true that "the Dakota and Ojibwa were already in a war when the first French
trader arrived in Minnesota and met the Ojibwa in 1660."
However, because of the Dutch, British and Iroquois's heinous activities on the East Coast
the Ojibwe, forced from their homelands, were moving west as refugees, and before they
invaded the Dakota's territory they were encouraged by the French to do so. This is what caused
the original war between the Dakota and Ojibwe.
The Iowa, the original tribe of the area "about the mouth of the Minnesota river," discovered
the area and dwelt there before any of the Dakota (Sioux) ever paddled a canoe into the sacred area.
"The Sioux have a tradition (Williamson in Minn. Hist. Coll., 1, 296) that when their
ancestors first came to the falls of St Anthony, the Iowa occupied the country about the
mouth of Minnesota river."
On the Mendota Mdewakanton Dakota
website there are the deceptive words: "On
Tuesday, September 2, members of the Oceti Sakowin (Seven Council Fires) of the Dakota
Oyate (Dakota Nation) are reclaiming Coldwater Spring and the surrounding land. As the
Original People of Minisota Makoce (Land Where the Waters Reflect the Skies),..."
In the Twin Cities Public Television video, a video titled
The Past Is Alive Within Us: The U.S. ~ Dakota Conflict, there is the following
incorrect statement, "This was and is Dakota homeland without a doubt. We were connected
and tied to this place. We have significant sites, prayer sites, burial sites and
This statement was listed in historian John LaBatte's review of the TCPT video as being in the
"Most Objectionable Statements" catagory. LaBatte wrote: Incorrect ~ The Dakota did not
originate in Minnesota. Other groups who were here before the Dakota also had
of the Oceti Sakowin (Seven Council Fires) of the Dakota Oyate (Dakota Nation) are NOT the
Original People of Minisota Makoce (or Minnesota, including the Mdote area). Other
tribes were living in Minnesota before the Dakota, including the Iowa, Octatas and Cheyenne
people. If the tribes that lived in the
Mille Lacs Lake area thousands of years ago are not included,
the Dakota can claim that they were the original people of the north central part of the state. [
The more recent "original people" of Minnesota, especially including the Mdote area, or the part of
the state of Minnesota where "Coldwater Spring and the surrounding land" is
located were the Iowa, Octatas and Cheyenne people.
The Dakota or Oceti Sakowin (Seven Council Fires) people were NOT, as falsely claimed by
some deceptive Dakota activists, the original people of the Mdote area and neither is the
Mdote area the Dakota place of origin, as claimed by these same deceptive Dakota people.
The Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) area is where the Dakota
people were originally located and it is their place of origin. It is their first place
of creation, the Black Hills the second place,
and there is not even an authentic/valid Dakota origin creation story that places the Dakota
origin at the confluence of the Minnesota and Mississippi rivers, nor any other place
in the Mdote area.
In a Mni Sota Makoce: The Land of the Dakota book review comment, Fudally wrote: "The author states in their
book, 'The first place of creation is at the confluence of
the Minnesota and Mississippi rivers,' This theme is disputed by the Dakota
There is absolutely no reason or justification (evidence) for Bruce White to be claiming that,
"The first place of creation is at the confluence of the Minnesota and Mississippi rivers."
White uses James R. Walker's book Lakota Society as a reference in an on-line article
of his. So why did he not use Walker's statement about the Dakota's origin creation story in his
book Mni Sota Makoce: The Land of the Dakota? Walker's text says the Dakota's place of origin
was near Mille Lacs Lake and that their Mille Lacs Lake Ancestral Homeland
creation story was their original/first origin creation story.
book review Lance M. Foster, an Iowa tribe historian,
wrote: I unfortunately find some of this book contradicts not only
our Ioway history and traditions, it also ignores many
established historic records and the archaeological evidence.
comment following the book review Foster wrote: So the authors, especially since they aren't even Native themselves
and are held to be scholars, should have examined all the facts
instead of leaving out inconvenient facts and thus appearing to
have a particular agenda. We all have biases. But if we are
scholars we need to put those on the table.
comment following Foster's book review Fudally (starsailing)
when referring to author Bruce White: The author deliberately short quotes statements
repeatedly to create a new creation story that fits his new agenda...This is grossly
wrong. It takes away the real history, documented and said with oral traditions
years ago, robbing people of their rightful heritage.
On the Preserve Camp Coldwater Coalition website there is a statement about
Gwen Westerman and Bruce White's book Mni Sota Makoce: The Land of the Dakota: "The book
short quotes is own sources repeatedly without any
critical review, yet cite these shortened quotes as a primary
source for credibility."
book review statement: "The authors
first quote an archaeologist
in 1823 "The Dakotas have no tradition of having ever emigrated, from any other
place, to the spot upon which they now reside; they believe they were created
by the Supreme Being on the land which they at present occupy." Then immediately
quotes the Dakota Friend article in 1851 "One great natural fact which perhaps
ought to be recognized and recorded at the start, is this, viz: That the mouth
of the Minnesota river, lies immediately over the center of earth and under the
center of the heavens." There's the deception- it's when you go and read the
actual account. This book only lists the first part of the article, when
in fact just a few paragraphs later it lists why the story is wrong, and
the actual tradition states they 'sprang into existence about the lakes at the head
of the Rum River'! (near Mille Lacs Lake)
In respect to the above 1823 reference, Fudally wrote: "This reference has no business
being in a book where credibility of the study of Dakota history is taken seriously. To find
this as a credible historic statement one would have to ignore all the French religious
clergy, and French explorers who found the Dakota village sites at first contact
in mid 1600's at about the lakes around Lake Mille Lacs and just east and west of Lake
Mille Lacs. One would have to ignore "Modern" archaeology findings that show the oldest
Dakota site origination again in the lake Mille Lacs area and NOT at the mouth of the
Mn River area. One would have to ignore the documentation of the French finding the
first Dakota village that Dakota migrated to at the mouth of the MN River in 1689.
As a serious historian of Dakota study...I find this authors statement of zero value
and misleading of known facts."
The above 1823 statement, "the Dakotas have no tradition of having ever emigrated to the spot
upon which they now reside," was NOT true. One of the Dakota's traditions says they were
underwater people and then emerged from Mille Lacs Lake as human beings
into this world and then resided in the Mille Lacs area for a long time. Another Dakota tradition
says that some of the Mdewakanton Dakota of the Mille Lacs area "emigrated to the spot"
(Mdota area) where they were residing in the year 1823. And another Dakota tradition says they
were created by the Supreme Being "about the lakes at the head of Rum River." [near Mille Lacs Lake],
not in the Mendota/Mdote area.
Elaine Jahner's book The Mysterious Lake (mentioned above) also presents information
about the Dakota/Lakota/Sioux place of origin near Mille Lacs Lake.
As previously stated, Jahner wrote: "The second of Walker's publications on Lakota
society is a brief section in
"The Sun Dance" (1917, pp. 72-78). Here the focus is on political organization.
He discusses the Origin of the Sioux near Sacred Lake (Mille Lacs, Minnesota),
their subsequent division into the Seven Council Fires, and the continued
division of each of the Fires (otonwepi, divisions) into tribes (ospayepi)
and bands (ti-ospayepi)."
"The Origin story of the Lakota, as told by Walker in 'The Sun Dance' and elaborated
on in the forthcoming volume, Lakota Myth, asserts that the Lakota were created
beneath the present world. There they lived in happiness until Iktomi (Trickster, the Spider)
and Anog Ite (Double Face Women) tricked some of them into coming out onto
the earth and led them to their first home in the region of the pines near
the Sacred Lake. According to Walker's informant Lone Bear, the spirits were
angry at the Lakota for leaving the center of the earth; then Bear (Mato)
took pity on them and gave them medicines to care for
themselves (Walker, Lakota Belief and Ritual, p. 128).
Here it was that the people in time divided into Seven Council Fires."
"The Mysterious Lake referred to in the name is Mille Lacs in Minnesota,
situated in the midst of the pine forests which extend a short distance
southward and terminate along its southern border in a large admixture
of deciduous trees while it extends northward as the Lakotas believed,
indefinitely. They believed that Mysterious Lake was the center of
the world, and north they called waziyata, the region of the pines,
because no one had been known to find the end of the pine forests
in that direction, and according to their stories and myths
they extended to the edge of the earth."
"This indicates that they inhabited this region from remote times,
and that the gens occupying this territory was the original from which the
other six gents were formed."
This Dakota tradition does not mention the geographic location
that is "immediately over the center of the earth," because it was not important. What is
important is that it was near Mille Lacs Lake, or "about the lakes at the head of the Rum River."
And it is also important to the Dakotas that after
coming out onto the earth from the "center of the earth" the people were "led to their first home in
the region of the pines near the Sacred Lake" (Mille Lacs Lake), "the center of the world."
One of the Dakota creation stories says the Dakotas emerged from Mille Lacs Lake. It states that
"the people lived under the water and that one day a whirlpool pulled them up to the surface
and threw them out onto the shore.
Originally the Dakota people came up from the "center of the earth" and found themselves
near Mille Lacs Lake, or "about the lakes at the head of the Rum River." Then after a flood they
went into Mille Lacs Lake and lived as underwater "people," then a whirlpool pulled them up
to the surface and threw them out onto the shore, where they then, as people who walked on land
again, explored the area and then began living at the headwaters of the "Rum River," or
Wakpa Wakan (Spirit River) and at other places near and around the sacred lake.
As previously mentioned: After most of the Dakotas were forced from their Mille Lacs homeland
some of them moved south to the mouth of the Minnesota River, where they began to dwell with other
members of the Mendota Mdewakanton Dakota Oyate (people).
Then later, in order to claim bragging
rights as the most important people (more about this below), they began claiming that
the Mendota area was "the center of the world." This was a contradiction of their original
belief that Mille Lacs Lake was the "center of the world." And they also began claiming
that the mouth
of the Minnesota River was "immediately over the center of earth" and that this was
important, contradicting their original belief that the geographic place that was "immediately
over the center of earth" was not important and not where "the center of the world"
was located. Their "center of the world" was Mille Lacs Lake.
After the Mendota Mdewakantons made up a new "center
of the earth" story (not a new Dakota creation story) two other Dakota/Lakota/Sioux
bands contradicted the Mendota Mdewakanton's story and claimed they were located above the
center of the earth.
The above quote by Bruce White: "The mouth the Minnesota river, lies immediately
over the center of the earth and under the center of the heavens" was never a belief of the
Eastern Dakota, as stated by White. It was only a belief of some of the members of one
of the four Eastern Dakota bands, the Mdewakantons. Never-the-less, a group of
deceptive Dakota activists and their chief white historian, Bruce White, consistently mislead people to believe that it was a belief
of the "Eastern Dakota." And some of the deceptive Dakota activists are saying it was, and
still is, a belief of the "Dakota people," which could include all seven Sioux bands.
When referring to the Mdote area, Bruce White wrote:
"The place you have just passed through is the center of the earth. This is the way the
Eastern Dakota viewed the junction of the Minnesota and Mississippi Rivers.
Many still view it this way."
ref. Traditionally, the Dakotas believed that
"the center of the earth" was located "below this present world." Therefore, no one traveling
on the surface of the earth can pass through it.
Also, in a Lower Sioux Indian Community statement presented
to the National
Park Service there are the words: "The Coldwater
Spring is a sacred spring for the
Dakota people...and encompasses part of the center of the earth
for the Dakota people."
"center of the earth," as previously mentioned, was believed, by the
Dakotas, to be located "below this present world." Coldwater Spring is not located
"below this present world," therefore it can NOT encompass "part of the center of
the earth for the Dakota people."
Many years ago Missionary Stephen Riggs wrote:
"The Mdewakantonwans think that the mouth of the Minnesota river Is precisely over
the center of the earth, and that they occupy the gate that opens
Into the western world."
"These considerations seem to give them importance in their own estimation.
On the other hand the Sissitonwans and Ihanktonwans allege, that as they live on
the great water-shed of this part of the continent, from which the streams run
northward and eastward and southward and westward, they must be about the
center of the earth; and they urge this fact as entitling them to precedence.
It is singular that the Ti- tonwans, who are much the largest band of the Dakotas,
do not appear to claim the chief place for themselves, but yield to the pretensions
of the Ihanktonwans..."
The Mdewakantonwans are one of four Eastern Dakota tribes. Only the Mdewakantonwans,
or rather some of the Mdewakantonwans, the Mendota Mdewakantons, believed that the Mdote area was above
the center of the earth. However, this was not their first or original belief. Their original
belief was that somewhere within their Mille Lacs traditional homeland was the place located above
the center of the earth.
The Sissitonwans and two other Eastern Dakota tribes, the
Wahpekute and Wahpeton, did not
view the junction of the Minnesota and Mississippi rivers as being "above the center of the earth."
And contrary to what Bruce White claims, only some members of the Mdewakanton Dakota tribe view
it this way today. To say many of the Eastern Dakota veiw it this way today is deceptive. I
doubt if even a minority of the Mdewakantons veiw is this way today.
And there are no Dakotas
or "Sioux Indians" who literally view it this way today. No one today
believes that the earth is flat and
that there is another world below it. And the Lower Sioux
Indian Community's claim that Coldwater Spring "encompasses part of the center of the earth
for the Dakota people" is even more so deceptive. The Lower Sioux Indian Community is
the only federally recognized Minnesota Dakota community that participated in the
Coldwater Spring deception.
I submitted the above historic statement about the Mdewakantons being the only Dakota sub-tribe
that considered the mouth of the Minnesota River to be located immediately
above the center of the earth as a comment to one of White's on-line
article's but he did not post it. And in an Amazon.com book review
wrote that White conveniently and deceptively leaves out this historic statement in his book
to assist him in his efforts to create a new creation origin site for the Dakota at
the mouth of the Minnesota River. Fudally wrote in his comment, that by doing this, White is
trying to create "a false Dakota cultural tradition." This is one way in which White is
promoting his and his Dakota allies' scandalous agenda.
As previously mentioned, there is also a Black Hills Dakota
"According to tribal history, the Oceti Sakowin came from the
Black Hills, literally emerging from the Earth at a place called
The Oceti Sakowin
consider the entire Black Hills region sacred and call it Paha Sapa,
'the heart of
everything that is.' "
Therefore, Wind Cave is where there is another Dakota (Sioux) creation story and origin site
(or "Garden of Eden").
After some of the members of the original Dakota tribe left the Mille Lacs Lake area,
a particular group of these Dakota changed their name to Lakota and moved to the Black Hills, where
they made up another creation story and used it to claim a cave in the Black Hills as the
Dakota origin site. The Lakota settled in the Black
Hills in the early 1770s
after taking the land by force from the Arikara Indians. The Black Hills Dakota origin creation story
initiated the myth of the Dakota first being spirit beings from the constellation of Orion.
ref. [Star People]
ref. [Oceti Sakowin star knowledge with ties to Black Hills]
Gary Cavender and his close associates took that part of the Black Hills creation story and
claimed it for their new Mdote
area, Dakota origin creation story. The Black Hills creation story is not the original Dakota
origin creation story, the Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) area is where the original Dakota origin
creation story/site is located.
Covering up the truth about the Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) Dakota origin creation tradition hurts the
work of Dakota activists and Dakota rights advocates who are working to rectify
injustices being committed against the Dakota in their sacred Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake)
After reading Gary Cavender's statements in the National Park Service's report, I became
aware that people who do not know about the Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) Dakota origin
creation story would wrongly believe that the Mdote area is the place of the Dakota origin
creation tradition. I am trying to rectify this injustice. There is a group of people (mostly made
up of Dakota activists) trying to
discredit me and my Dakota rights activist work in the Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) area,
and doing so, because of this initiative of mine.
Bruce White wrote: "Every minute, for thousands of years, 70 gallons or more of cool, pure water have
gushed from Coldwater Spring, on the west bank of the Mississippi River
just upstream from where the Minnesota flows into the Mississippi.
It is a part of the area's complex watershed, a remarkable feature
of an area the Dakota people consider to be the center of the world."
The Dakota people do NOT consider the Mdote area to be the center of the world.
And the Dakota people have never considered the Mdote area to be the center of the world. A long
time ago the Dakota/Lakota or Sioux believed that Mille Lacs Lake was the center of the world,
and some of their descendants still believe that it is the center of the world. A minority of
the Dakota people, or some of the Mdewakantons, changed their belief and started to believed
that the Mdote area was the center of the world. And today, only a small minority of the
Dakota people believe it is the center of the world.
In a Twin Cities Daily Planet
article about a
2008 Wakan Wakpa ("Rum River") Canoe Expedition that
provided a group of inner-city Dakota boys from Minneapolis and St. Paul an opportunity to paddle
the natural artery of their ancestors LeMoine LaPointe, director of the Healthy Nations Program at
the Minneapolis American Indian Center, is quoted: (1.) "Their 165-mile paddle from Mille Lacs Lake
to Minneapolis commemorated many important aspects of Dakota history and culture..." (2.)"The Rum,
known for centuries as Wakan Wakpa (Holy River), is an important spiritual and cultural artery
to the Dakota who, until 1745, lived at Mille Lacs (Mde Wakan) and considered it the center of
Elaine Jahner's book The Mysterious Lake (mentioned above) presents information about the
Dakota/Lakota, or Sioux traditional belief that Mille Lacs Lake is "the center of the world."
"They believed that Mysterious Lake was the center of the world, and north they
called waziyata, the region of the pines, because no one had been known to
find the end of the pine forests in that direction, and according
to their stories and myths they extended to the edge of the earth."
During the Coldwater Spring/Bureau of Mines open house on February 23, 2009, Sheldon Wolfchild,
who was representing
the Lower Sioux Indian Community, (one of four federally recognized Minnesota Dakota communities),
exaggerated the importance of the Mdote area by demeaning the importance that the
Dakota place on their Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) ancestral homeland. And did so, by denying that
there is a Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) Dakota origin site-based on a creation story. [I consider
Wolfchild's denial statement to be the epitome of arrogance and deception.]
of the importance that
the Dakota people place on their sacred Mde Wakan
(Mille Lacs Lake) ancestral homeland could be the reason, or one reason, why the
registered Minnesota Dakota Communities, as well as
many other Dakota communities (located in other states and Canada), did not have
representatives at the
February 23, 2009 meeting, giving their
communities' support behind the remaining Dakota activists who
were in the forefront of the movement to try to influence
National Park Service officials to give management control of Coldwater Spring and the land
surrounding it to
the Dakota tribes.
Historian Dave Fudally wrote: The National Park Service's 106 documentation shows, no
tribes offered comments on the draft or final MOA that NPS worked out under the section
106 process. The registered Natives tribes understand what happened. No more want of
the federal land that might have become available.
The deceptive Dakota activists on the forefront of the propagandizing movement to
gain Coldwater Spring management control for the Dakota people are BETRAYING THEIR OWN PEOPLE
by radically demeaning the importance that the Dakota place on their sacred Mde
Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) ancestral homeland.
Deceptive statements about the nature of the underwater being/god/water-monster UNKTEHI (now deceased)
and its traditional dwelling place, where it was once believed to have dwelt.
In a Lower Sioux Indian Community statement delivered to the National
Park Service there are the words: "The Coldwater Spring is a sacred spring
for the Dakota people the spring is the dwelling
place of the underwater spirit 'Uuktehi' and encompasses part of the center of the earth
for the Dakota people."
As previously stated (in a NPS report), only one Dakota community claimed Coldwater
Spring to be "sacred." Therefore, it is NOT "a sacred spring to the Dakota people" as stated
by the Lower Sioux Indian Community. And today only a small minority of the Dakota
people believe "the spring encompasses part of the center
of the earth." Therefore, the spring does NOT "encompasses part of the center
of the earth for the Dakota people." And it is traditionally believed that the "center
of the earth" is located "below this present word",
so the spring can not encompass part of the center of the earth. If the so-called "the center
of the earth" was immediately above the traditional "center of the earth" then it, for some
Dakota people, would be located near Mille Lacs Lake and not in the area where Coldwater Spring
And Unktehi is NOT a "spirit". When it was believed to exist it was considered to be
a fundamentally evil [material] supernatural being. For a long time, the Dakotas have believed that
all of the Unktehi were killed by Thunderbird, a manifestation of
Wakan Tanka (God). Now some Dakotas want to resurrect Unktehi in order to acquire leverage to
attain their activist goals in the Mdote area. And Unktehi does NOT dwell at Coldwater Spring, and he
never dwelt there. The Dakotas have never believed that the most important
Unktehi, or "Unktehi", dwelt at Coldwater Spring. It is not a part of their traditional religious
Gray Cavender said in an official NPS testimony: "There is that sacred spring
that is in negotiation, that sacred spring is the dwelling place of Unktehi, the
God of the Waters, and in that spring there
is an underground river that goes into the big river, and that is his
passageway to get out into the world."
In Cavender's above statement, he referred to the Mississippi as the "big river".
Carvender stated that Unktehi goes from Morgan's bluff through a subterranean passage
that leads to a "sacred spring" (Coldwater Spring) and he then goes through an
"underground river" to the "big river" (the Mississippi) to "get out
into the world."
Mary Eastman writes in 1849 on page 156 about Morgan's Bluff, Unktahe, the god of waters,
is much reverenced by the Dahcotahs, Morgan's bluff, near Fort Snelling, is called God's House,
by the Dahcotahs; they say it is the residence of Unktahe, and under the hill is
a subterranean passage, through which they say the water-god passes when he enters the
St Peter's. He is said to be as large as a house." Fudally wrote: This clearly eliminates Coldwater
Spring as being "the spring" that is "the dwelling place of Unktehi", as Coldwater Spring flows
into the Mississippi River and NOT INTO THE ST PETER RIVER (now known as the Minnesota River)
as Mary Eastmans states water god enters.
Fudally also wrote: There are 2 subterranean spring/caves just one-half mile (Lincoln) and 1 mile (Bergen)
east of the sacred hill (Morgans Bluff), and one-half mile east another open spring closer to
the sacred hill. Why aren't any of those springs made the "sacred spring" with the
subterranean passage from Wakan Tipi (God's House/Morgans mound, Morgan's bluff) by the
authors? They are just as close and even match the story better that Mary Eastman tells. WHY?...because the land at those other springs were not Fed land going to possibly
be available if the Feds no longer wanted the land.
Morgan's Mound/Wakan Tipi was believed to be the dwelling place of Unkethi, Dakota monster/god of
waters and of the underworld. According to the missionary Gideon Pond, bubbling springs
were considered "breathing places of the wakan." The water gods referred to by Pond
as "the wakan" were the Unktehi.
Wakan Tipi translates as Unktehi's House, or Water Monster's House or Mysterious House not
"God's House." Unktehi is not Wakan Tanka (God). The Dakotas believed that Unktehi was
a fundamentally evil supernatural being who occasionally did some good things when placated.
In a Coldwater Spring [Ethnographic Resource Study] Michael J. Evens, a Park Service Senior
Cultural Anthropologist, stated that: The discussion of this religious being [Unktehi] in
Dakota cosmology should probably also include the information presented by Walker for the Lakota.
In brief, [James R.] Walker's texts indicate that Unktehi was a malevolent being (but not
a spirit being) that was perceived as being dangerous and to be avoided.
In 1914, Finger, a distinguished shaman, said: The Unktehi or Monsters, are
material gods, whose substance is visible,
but they hide under the deep waters. Their forms are those of huge reptiles
with horns that can be projected to the Clouds and tails that beat down
forests. They tear the ground with their claws and make deep ravines;
they defile waters and make then unfit for use by mankind; they lurk
near shore to capture children, and in deep waters to take adults.
These they hold in bondage under the waters or transmogrify them
to water animals. The Winged God (Thunderbird) is forever at war with them and in
battle with them they gore the ground making the bad lands, where may be seen
the bones of Unktehi that were slain. A Shaman whose fetish is of the highest
potency can subdue the Unktehi and drive them away and can undo their magic deeds.
Lame Deer wrote: "This story was told to me by a Santee grandmother. A long time ago, a
really long time when the world was still freshly made, Unktehi the water monster fought
the people and caused a great flood.
The Dakotas believed strongly in the existence of supernatural beings, both "good" and "evil". However
the concept was not quite as cut and dried as the Judeo-Christian ideas many of us are
familiar with. Evil supernatural beings were feared, yet their existence was vital for the balance
of all things. They were considered a necessary evil. Without the negative there
could be no positive.
There was Iya, the Dakota "storm monster", and there was Unktehi, the Dakotas
"water monster". While the destruction these evil supernatural beings could bring was feared, it was
also respected. Much care was taken to show reverence, so not to incur their wrath. Many Dakota
believed that Iya was a head-hunter, using human beings as trophies. Unktehi ate people.
However, when Iya and Unktehi were pleased, protection was offered. Unktehi even gave gifts
occasionally, such as the medicine lodge. As much as they feared
Iya and Unktehi they believed that the destruction was part of the life cycle.
In respect to the acceptance of Unktehi's destructive ways, this Dakota belief changed.
An important figure in Native American mythology, the Thunderbird represents the natural
forces of thunder, lightning, and storms. It is also believed to protect humans by fighting
evil spirits. A Sioux myth says: The water monster Unktehi thought the people were lice, and
she and her followers tried to drown them. The people retreated to the highest hill
they could find and prayed for help. Wakan Tanka, as Thunderbird, came to fight
Unktehi and sent
lightning crashing to earth. The ground split open, and Unktehi and her followers
drained into the cracks. As a result, humankind was saved.
In the book Lakota Myth, by James R. Walker, Edited by Elaine A Jahner, there is a
quote by the Dakota storyteller Left Heron, documented in Walker's unpublished writings, that says
that the dwelling place of Unktehi is in Mille Lacs Lake. Heron told Walker the story about how the
battle between the Thunderbird and Unktehi began in Mille Lacs Lake. [The Thunderbird eventually
won the battle and Unktehi is now dead. Heron was a storyteller and not a holy man. Therefore, Heron's
story about the Thunderbird and Unktehi at Mille Lacs Lake can not be classified as a
credible or valid Dakota tradition.]
According to Sioux belief, the Unktehila are dangerous reptilian water
monsters that lived in ancient times. They were of various shapes. In the end
the Thunderbirds destroyed them, except for small species like snakes and lizards.
This belief may have been inspired by finds of dinosaur fossils in Sioux tribal
The Great Unktehi and her offspring were said to have been the source of many floods
when they "puffed" up their bodies, causing lakes, streams, and even the whole
Missouri river to overflow. The Thunderbirds protected humans from these
"water monsters" in an epic battle to make the world a safer place for people
to live, and in doing so gained the water power by taking it from Unktehi.
In one story, Eya, the West Wind, son of Tate, the breath of life encounters
Thunderbird...Thunderbird then invites Eya to place his tipi beside Thunderbird's lodge on
Thunderbird Mountain. "Together with you, I will purify
the world from all filthy things. We will sweep it and wash it and water the ground.
We will cause all that grows from the ground to flourish and bear leaves, flowers
and fruits. We will give nourishment to all that breathes and cause their growth.
We will combat the Unktehi the monsters that defile the waters."
I believe that, according to the Dakota, the Unktehi were evil supernatural beings
who occasionally did some good things when placated. And I believe that now-days some
of Minnesota's Dakota activists and their white historian allies are distorting the
truth about the Unktehi for the purpose of gaining leverage to accomplish their
activist goals. They distort the truth by saying that the Unktehi are still alive and that they
are "good" or "sacred" and have always been so. And that when some Unktehi have been
traditionally/historically, and are currently, believed to be located in a particular sacred
place (by some Dakota) this makes that place "more sacred."
Sheldon Wolfchild contradicts the Dakotas traditional belief and says in a
video that the Unktehi are still alive and are "sacred."
Not profane/evil with a streak of sacredness/goodness in them, but "sacred." He has also
stated that "Unktehi" dwells in Coldwater Spring. Think
about how much leverage he is trying to gain for his activist initiatives in the Mdote
area by creating and promoting these deceptions.
If an area is believed to be sacred (by some of the Dakota people, and for other
reasons than the presents of Unktehi),
as are the Mendota and Mille Lacs Lake
areas, and some of the Unktehi are
believed (by some of the Dakota people) to be
alive and still located in those areas I believe
that their belief that the Unktehi are still there, along with their promotion of this belief
desecrates/defiles those areas,
rather than makes them "more sacred." And I believe that, according to the Dakota belief,
the presents of a Unktehi, or more than one Unktehi, in any area has always meant the
defilement of those areas...and that their presents was thought of as
a temporal necessary evil and that by tolerating and placating the Unktehi they could gain a
few good gifts from them, while tolerating their predominantly destructive ways
The deceptive Dakota activists and their white historian allies
are not only using the Dakotas traditional belief in Unktehi in an
untruthful way for the purpose of gaining leverage to accomplish
their activist goals, they are also, as previously mentioned, using
other deceptive tactics to accomplish their goals. Their deceptive
tactics are being exposed (in on-line book reviews, article comments,
on-line articles and web sites) by historians and activists who know the truth
and are working to put an end to their deceptions.
In the book Lakota Belief and Ritual, James R. Walker is quoted:
Unktehi is a mythical being like a goblin whose disposition was malicious. It presided
over floods, drowning and, accidents in water.
Unktehi at Mille Lacs Lake: "To the Sioux Mille Lacs was an awesome thing. Beneath its
waters dwelt a capricious god, who was prone to sudden fits of anger. A warrior could
start out upon its glassy
surface with every indication of a calm and uneventful passage, and before he
could reach the farther shore the waves might be running high enough to swamp
When writing about the part Unktehi played in the development of land/earth above the waters that
covered the whole earth...Bruce White conveniently and deceptively left out the part of the
Dakota story that reveals the true character of the water monster Unktehi. This is the part
that White did not mention: "Unktehi assembled in grand conclave all of the water animals, he
ordered them to bring up
dirt from beneath the water, and proclaimed death to the disobedient. The beaver
and others forfeited their lives. After many animals tried and died in the effort the muskrat
went beneath the waters, and after a long time, appeared at the surface nearly exhausted,
with some dirt." White deceptively failed to mention that the water monster Unktehi ordered all the
water animals to bring dirt from beneath the water, and proclaimed death to the
disobedient. And that many of the animals forfeited their lives because it was impossible for
them to do what Unktehi ordered them to do.
Bruce White wrote: A male Unktehi was addressed as grandfather, the female, grandmother,
while the name Unktehi was not normally used. Instead the term Taku-wakan or "that
which is wakan," or sacred, was used to describe these spirits.
James R. Walker wrote that the term Taku-wakan means (things that are mysterious). The
malevolent Unktehi were mysterious, but not sacred. All of the Wakanpi (supernatural beings) both
those which were good and those that were evil expected the proper ceremonies to be
given them. Walker wrote: "The earth is animated by the spirit of the female, while
the dwelling place of the male is in the water. It is on this account that the Dakotas
address their prayers to the earth as their Grandmother, and the water as their Grandfather."
The Dakotas did not want to address the Unktehi with terms of kinship endearment, they had to, in
order to curb some of their unjust wrath and lure them into giving them some protection
and other gifts.
In a Circle article about Coldwater Spring and the Unktehi, or evil supernatural
beings (resembling goblins), who once lived and defiled waters, Waziyatawin is quoted: "For those of us who value the
site today, I think
it's about reconnecting and reestablishing
a spiritual relationship with these beings and with our homeland." Waziyatawin is one of the leaders of the
deceptive Dakota activists that I often refer to in this document.
She is a published author, and the Indigenous Peoples Research Chair in the
Indigenous Governance Program at the University of Victoria in British Columbia.
The Iowa tribe has officially declared Coldwater Spring to be a sacred site of theirs. I doubt if the
Iowa people want some of the Dakota people resurrecting an evil watermonster that defiles waters
and then placing it in their sacred Coldwater Spring water.
The Dakota people do NOT believed that Coldwater Spring is [the] dwelling
place of Unktehi. And none of the Dakota people ever traditionally believed that [the]
dwelling place of Unktehi was in Coldwater Spring. At one time, many year ago, the Dakota people
could have believed that the spring was the dwelling place of one of the
many Unktehi. And today, a small minority of the Dakota people [say ?] they
believe that Coldwater Spring is THE dwelling place of Unktehi.
There is some value in there being Dakota stories about the Unktehi once-living in places that
the Dakotas believe are traditionally and currently sacred. These oral and written stories
present evidence of how much their traditional religion is interconnected with the landscape within their
sacred places. The Mendota/Coldwater Spring and Mille Lacs areas are sacred places to some of the
Dakota people. The Dakotas sacred places were like temples to them. How can they truly
practice their traditional religion today, when their
sacred "temples"/places have been taken from them?
OPPOSING THOSE WHO ARE TRYING TO GIVE THE MDOTE AREA A MEANING AND
POWER FOR THE DAKOTA THAT IT DID NOT HISTORICALLY HAVE:
Another statement in the National Park Service report reads:
"The NPS must also consider another point. There is the danger that we would be giving a
site a meaning and power for the Dakota that it did not historically have. If the evidence
does not support historical use of the spring by the Dakota for any day to day or special
ceremonial use, then maybe it was not special to them. If this were the case, then we (and
all those non-Dakota interests who support giving the spring a special designation) may
be creating Dakota history, rather than recording it. Since this process will be well
documented, what we say now about Coldwater Spring will become permanent fact."
It is also true that there continues to be a danger that the radical distortion of
Dakota history associated with the Coldwater Spring deception [left unexposed] could
further give (in some
uniformed Dakotas and the general publics' view) the whole
Mdote area a meaning and power that it did not historically have.
And do so, by attributing the area as (1.) the ONLY PLACE that there is a Minnesota Dakota origin
creation story and site (really, a fake origin creation story and site, the real place of Dakota
origin is near Mille Lacs Lake)...and (2.) the ONLY PLACE that the Dakota (actually,
only some of the Mdewakanton Dakota) have considered "the center of the world" and located "immediately
above the center of earth." For sure, the Dakota do not currently consider it to be "the
center of the world," nor do they believe that it "lies immediately above the center of the earth," as
some Dakota claim. Besides, the Dakota no long believe that the earth is flat and that there
is an underworld where the Dakota once dwelt, a place called the "center of the earth."
And by (3.) creating and promoting the deception that the Unktehi were traditionally considered
"good" or "sacred", are "currently alive and still sacred" and "the most important Unktehi
is still dwelling in Coldwater Spring as traditionally and currently believed by the Dakota people."
And by (4.) creating and promoting the deceptive story that "the Dakota are the
original people of the Mdote area", when in fact the Iowa people were the original people of the
Therefore, the Mdote area is NOT the Dakota's most sacred place,
as is being falsely claimed by a group of deceptive Dakota activists and their deceptive
white "historians". And it is also, therefore, not the central and most important place (as
long ago prophesied) that the Dakota will return to, reclaim, regain and protect as the
Dakota's most sacred site, as some Dakota claim today. I believe that the Dakota's
Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) traditional/ancestral homeland is the sacred place that will
be given this honor and respect.
In 2009, an article titled
Dakota Land And
Tradition was published in The Circle. Its
introduction statement reads: "A growing chorus
of indigenous cultural
leaders agree that the reclamation of traditional lands, including prime
real estate in the Twin Cities area, is crucial to solving the Dakota crisis."
In the article the Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) area is identified as the most important
area for the Santee Dakota (Eastern Dakota), and NOT the Mdote area. The article is almost
entirely about the Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) area.
sentence the article then goes on to state that the Santee Dakota are beginning to return to their
Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) ancestral homeland to reclaim and regain it, and that it was where they
"first lived before they were exiled."
The article states: "Wyatt Thomas
stood on the shore of Ogechie Lake, gazing down its distinctive hooked shoreline, lost
in thought. He had never seen
this lake before.
He traveled to Mille Lacs County from Nebraska, where he lives on a reservation
along the Missouri River as a member of the Santee Dakota Tribe. But Minnesota,
and this lake in particular, was, to him, home...Thomas was on a mission to scout
his tribe's ancestral lands, an expedition that covered a wide swath of Minnesota.
It was a small but important first step in reintroducing the Santee Dakota
to their original homeland....Turning to face the saddle-shaped
burial mounds rising from the trees in the distance, Thomas identified the
clearing between the shoreline and the woods as the village site of his
are innumerable forces working against the reclamation of
Dakota Lands, but tribal leaders like Thomas say they must succeed, that the very future
of the Dakota Nation hinges upon it."
Wyatt Thomas is a member of my Facebook group
Regaining The Dakota Oyate's Mille Lacs Homeland
There is a group of deceptive Dakota activists who want to
[cash in] on the "prime real estate in the Twin Cities area," especially including the
Mdote area. They, unfortunately, are trying to steal the Dakota's Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake)
ancestral homeland's sacred site history and move it to the Mdote area
their disgraceful agenda.
Some members of the group of deceptive Dakota activists who participated in the
movement to acquire tribal management control of the Coldwater Spring site, and who are continuing,
to this present-day, with their efforts to gain leverage throughout the Mdote area have some
good initiatives, but unfortunately they have been using deceptive tactics to accomplish
their goals. And the deceptive tactics are desecrating the sacred Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake)
Dakota ancestral homeland. They are committing, as Dave Fudally says, "Dakota history genocide."
Videos and pictures of "the lakes at the head of the Rum River" (including Mille Lacs and
Ogechie) where the Dakota (Oceti Sakowin) "sprang into existence," or where the first Dakota
origin creation story says the Dakota's place of origin is located, can be viewed by clicking
The Coldwater Spring site did not receive a special designation. However, the Coldwater Spring site that
was formally occupied by the U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, became federal
property of another agency, the National Park Service. It will manage Coldwater
Spring for all peoples. The deceptive group of Dakota natives and their chief
white historian, Bruce White, are not accepting the NPS's decision to manage Coldwater
Spring. There are indications that they are getting ready for another protest at Coldwater Spring.
The leading Dakota activists who are trying to create a permanent false Dakota history/tradition,
and doing so, by writing and speaking misinformation that deceptively describes the Mdote area as
the ONLY PLACE that there is a Minnesota Dakota origin story and site (or "Garden of Eden"),
when all there is, is a newly made up [fake] Mdote area Dakota origin site, and do so in books,
newspapers articles, on-line articles, press conferences, Dakota history conferences, radio
programs, videos, TV shows, etc. are Chris Cavender (Mato Nunpa),
Angela Wilson (Waziyatawin), Jim Anderson, and Sheldon Wolfchild. Gary Cavender was also one, but
Several years ago Jim Anderson told me that because the white man got us with alcohol, it is therefore alright
for us to now get them with casinos. This reasoning and conclusion of his is equivalent to
the statement, the white man used lies to steal our land, so it is therefore alright for us to
now lie to get our land back. I believe that this is the logic and lying behavior of Anderson and his close
associate activists. During a meeting with the mayor of Anoka I told the mayor that there is a
Dakota origin creation story at Mille Lacs Lake. Anderson then told the mayor that
the Dakota origin creation story at Mille Lacs Lake is [one] of the Dakota's origin
creation stories. Now-days, when ever Anderson is making public statements about
his people's origin, he says that the Mdote area is where the Dakota's [single] origin creation
story/site/tradition is located, he says "it's our Garden of Eden."
MINNESOTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY
In the month of April, year 2013, the Minnesota Historical Society sent me a reply
email to a message of mine about the MN Historical Society's U.S.-Dakota
War of 1862 website. In my message I wrote:
Incorrect statement: 'Where the two waters come together,' otherwise
referred to as Bdote, is the center of Dakota spirituality and history. This
is where the Dakota people began.
The Dakota's original creation story is at Mille Lacs Lake. For more
information about this topic read my on-line article, The Coldwater Spring
Deception. I am the director of Rum River Name-Change Organization and work
closely with Chief Leonard E. Wabasha. My article presents a link to
Wabasha's interpretive sign at Mille Lacs Kathio State Park, or at
Mille Lacs, where the Dakota people began.
The MHS's reply email reads: Thank you for writing regarding the MN Historical Society's
U.S.-Dakota War of 1862 website. MHS has been tracking information and sharing
where appropriate on the website. The page you've referenced has been tweaked
to reflect that the Bdote creation story is one creation story and readers
are invited to read further information on the Mille Lacs and Black
Hills creation stories.
On the FLANDREAU SANTEE SIOUX TRIBE'S website there is the following statement:
Some authorities place the Sioux originally along the eastern seaboard, in what
is now North Carolina. According to Schell, the people speaking languages of
the Siouan linguistic stock, lived in the Ohio River Valley. Forced out by
the Iroquois, they split into smaller branches, with the branch which
was to become the Sioux or Dakota drifting west.
"Their Siouan-speaking ancestors had migrated to the
upper Midwest from the area of South Carolina in the present-day United
States; colonists named the Santee River in present-day South Carolina
after them. Over the years they migrated up through Ohio and into
Wisconsin. Facing competition from the Chippewa and other eastern
Native American tribes, the Santee moved further west into
John O. Anfinson, historian, author and the Chief of Resource Management for
Mississippi National River and Recreation Area, wrote:
"Around 1,000 years B.P., a new pottery type, called Sandy Lake,
suddenly replaced the Kathio/Clam River ceramic series across
central Minnesota. Archaeologists interpret the sudden advent
of Sandy Lake ceramics as evidence of the arrival of a new people."
In other words, Anfinson expressed that around 937 A. D., or
around 1076 years ago, a new people arrived at Mille Lacs, whom
archaeologists interpret to be the ancestors of
the people who would become the Dakota nation.
A Mille Lacs Kathio State Park interpretive sign, in part, reads:
"800 years ago a house stood along the banks of the river on the
south side of the Peninsula. Some scholars think that these ancient
occupants of Petaga Point were some of the ancestors of the people
who would become the Dakota nation."
Two Dakota creation stories place the Dakota's origin at Mille
Lacs. However, archeological evidence indicates that the people
who would become known as the Dakota were "new arrivals" in
Minnesota and Mille Lacs around 1076 years ago and that
they came to Minnesota and Mille Lacs, as well as Sandy Lake,
from the eastern seaboard of the United States.
"The Sioux have a tradition (Williamson in Minn. Hist. Coll., 1, 296)
that when their ancestors first came to the falls of St Anthony, the
Iowa occupied the country about the mouth of Minnesota river."
Lance M. Foster, an Iowa tribe historian, wrote:
"Our traditions hold that our Iowa and Otoe peoples were the first
people in southeastern Minnesota, from at least A.D. 900 to 1700,
from the maps and oral testimonies by our Ioway
elders No Heart and Waw-no-que-skoona, documented in
the 1830s and 1840s."
[The Iowa and Otoe peoples were the first people in southeastern Minnesota, beginning at
least 1113 years ago.]
So if the people who would become known as the Dakota came from the eastern
seaboard of the U.S. around 1073 years ago they would have, based on
archeological evidence, discovered the Iowa at the mouth of the
Minnesota river. Therefore, both, archeological evidence and the
Dakota's oral tradition place the Dakota in Minnesota around 940 A. D.. The Iowa were
in MN beginning around 900 A.D., or before the people who would become known as the Dakota
emigrated to Minnesota.
There is no evidence of the Dakota dwelling in Minnesota "thousands
of years ago," as presented on the Minnesota Historical Society's website.
On the site, a Dakota person wrongly/deceptively states that the Dakota's oral
tradition says they have been in Minnesota for "thousands of years."
In order for the deceptive Dakota activists and their white co-conspiring
historians to make a seemingly "credible" claim, in reality a deceptive claim, that the original
Dakota origin creation story was at the
mouth of the Minnesota river and then wrongly moved to Mille Lacs, they
had to convince a lot of people to believe that the Dakota dwelt in
Minnesota and at the mouth of the Minnesota river [before] the Iowa,
or "thousands of years ago." Another way for them to accomplish
this goal of theirs would be to deceive a lot of people to
believe that the Iowa did not ever dwell at the mouth of the
Minnesota river, that would also work. Or, as they discovered,
a combination of both methods would work best. In addition,
they also had to make up a new "oral creation story", which is
basically the Mille Lacs
creation story-fraudulently presented as the Coldwater Spring/Mdote
area creation story, and then call it a "traditional oral
creation story" that the tribal councils of the Dakota communities
did not know about "because they were assimilated."
This is exactly what they did, and they have been
getting by with their deceptive agenda/scam up until just recently.
Thank goodness, it appears that the Minnesota Historical Society
is beginning to awake up to the truth, that it has been
radically deceived by their propaganda.
Because of a story idea e-mail message that I sent to a few columnists for
the Star Tribune, Minnesota's best-selling state-wide daily newspaper, this
newspaper's editorial board now knows about this controvercy. The newspaper is waiting
for a news worthy event to occur before it publishes a story about this issue. The
Minnesota Historical Society has spent a lot of the tax-payers' money on promoting
the deceptive activists' false Lakota/Dakota history. It will be difficult for the
Society to fully admitt its serious mistake. And it will take quite a lot of money
to correct the problem.
On the Minnesota Historical Society's website there are the words:
Many organizations seek to educate Native and non-Native peoples in acts
of reconciliation and commemoration.
Historian John Labatte wrote: What does reconciliation mean? We cannot have
reconciliation until there is conciliation. We cannot have conciliation until
all of these incorrect statements are corrected.
Incorrect statement on the MHS's website:
Pike Island ~ the origin of the Dakota people, that's where we came
from ~ the center of the universe.
In response to the above incorrect statement that the MHS needs to correct,
"That this was the center of the universe is a relatively recent
interpretation of what Gideon Pond wrote in 1851. See Pond, "Gatherings from
the Traditional History of the Mdewakantonwan Dakotas", Dakota Tawaxitku Kin,
September 1851. "...the mouth of the Minnesota river (Watpa Minisota) lies
immediately over the centre of the earth and under the centre of the
heavens." Pond did not say this was a place of creation. That this is the
place of Dakota origin is a relatively recent belief. In the same article,
Pond wrote, "The Mdewakantonwan tradition...asserts that they sprang
into existence about the lakes at the head of Rum river." This is the
Mille lacs Lake area. Dakota have believed for more than 150 years
this to be their place of origin.
The written account of a Dakota origin creation story
at Mille Lacs Lake goes back 150 years. The Dakota's oral tradition of a
creation story at Mille Lacs goes back hundereds of years.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: "Mdewakantonwan (currently pronounced Bdewákhathuwa,
also M'DAY-wah-kahn-tahn) are
one of the sub-tribes of the Isanti (Santee) Dakota (Sioux). Their historic home
is Mille Lacs Lake in central Minnesota,..."
The following historical statement contradicts the MHS's deceptive Dakota activists'
statement: Pike Island ~ the origin of
the Dakota people, that's where we came from ~ the center of the universe.
In the book Landscapes of Clearance: Archaeological and Anthropological Perspectives,
two professors of anthropology, Angele Smith and Amy Gazin-Schwartz, wrote:
Gibbon (2003: 38-46) proposed a model for the
origin of the Dakota out of a wild rice-gathering complex called Psinonani
near Mille Lacs Lake, Minnesota, area which he says "suddenly replaced this
Terminal Woodland lifeway about AD 1300" (Gibbon 2003:38). ref. Guy Gibbon is
professor emeritus of anthropology at the University of Minnesota.
He is the author or editor of several books, including The Sioux: The Dakota
and Lakota Nations and Archaeology of Prehistoric Native America: An Encyclopedia.
MINNESOTA HUMANITIES CENTER
A Minnesota Humanities Center (MHC) on-line article for students titled,
THE US DAKOTA WAR, presents
the deceptive Dakota activists' and their white historian supporters'
deceptive revisionary history.
A statement in the article reads: The Dakota creation stories (there are several)
clearly show that we have not emigrated from any other place and although we
have traveled to and from other places throughout North America throughout the
centuries, we have always lived here.
One of the Dakota creation stories clearly states that the Dakota's place of origin
was in the Black Hills of South Dakota. So how do "the Dakota
creation stories," including the Black Hills creation story, "clearly show"
that the Dakotas "have not emigrated from any other place," and that
they "have always lived here" in Minnesota. If the Dakota's place of origin was in
the Black Hills they had to have, according to one of their "several creation
stories," emigrated to Minnesota to get "here."
Three more sentences in the MHC article read: The joining of the
two rivers, the Minnesota and the Mississippi is called Bdote,
what is currently called Mendota. This sacred junction can be
viewed from Fort Snelling. There is no question in the Dakota
historical accounts and oral history that Minsota makoce has
always been the homeland of the Dakota.
Angela Wilson (Waziyatawin) wrote the above statement and it was presented in the MHC article.
Here's a Dakota historical account and oral history that contradicts the above statement: "The Sioux have
a tradition (Williamson in
Minn. Hist. Coll., 1, 296) that when their ancestors first
came to the falls of St. Anthony, the Iowa occupied the country about the mouth of Minnesota river."
According to contradicting Dakota historical accounts and oral history "the homeland of the Dakota,"
their original homeland, is in the Black Hills of South Dakota and also at Mille Lacs Lake
in Minsota makoce, or Minnesota. So, according to Dakota historical accounts and oral history,
including their conflicting oral creation stories, there [IS] a question as to "where the
Dakota's homeland has always been." Because the Dakota
creation stories in Minnesota say the Dakota's place of origin was at Mille Lacs, the Mdote area
should NOT have not been singled out in the article, wrongly indicating that it is the Dakota's most
sacred or most important Minnesota site.
Originally the Black Hills creation story was a Lakota (Western or Teton, Sioux) creation story that said the first human
beings who lived on the face of the earth came from an underground cave in
the Black Hills. The first one to emerge from the cave was Tokahe, then six others who were of the underworld Buffalo Nation emerged from the cave. They
would become the founders of the "seven campfires", or the Great Sioux Nation. The story was later adopted
by the other Sioux sub-divisions and hence became one Dakota [Oceti Sakowin or Seven Council Fires of the Great
Sioux Nation] creation story.
In a 2012 Indian Country Today Media Network
article titled Black Hills Auction: Saving Pe' Sla, its author wrote "To the Oceti Sakowin
[the Seven Council Fires of the Great Sioux Nation], Pe' Sla is The Heart of Everything. Not only does this
sacred site play a key role in our creation story, it is said to be
the place where The Morning Star plunged to earth, and saved the People from seven creatures who had killed
seven women. The Lakota hero then placed those women in the night sky as 'The Seven Sisters,' called 'The Pleiades'
by western astronomers. Pe' Sla, also called "Old Baldy," is vital to Oceti Sakowin star knowledge and
provides evidence of our historical ties to the Black Hills.
ref. CNN report
According to archaeological evidence, Dakota historical accounts
and oral history, as well a written/documented history, the Mdote
area was the homeland of the Iowa tribe when the Dakota emigrated to Minnesota -
and the Cheyenne were also located on the Minnesota River when the Dakotas
emigrated to Minnesota. Minnesota was the homeland of these two tribes before
the Dakotas ever paddled a canoe into Minnesota.
The original Black Hills creation story says that the Lakota (Western or Teton,
Sioux) tribes have always lived in the Black Hills.
ref. This referenced story is a good example of how a creation
myth can be taken literally, even though there is evidence that proves it is only a myth
and does not present the truth.
Likewise, it is only a myth that "the Dakota were always here" in Mi-ni So-ta Ma-ko-ce (Minnesota). The Dakota creation
stories/myths should not be taken literally by anyone. And
individuals as well as organizations, including the MHS, should not publish material by
deceptive activists who pretend that they believe the Dakota creation
stories literally present the truth, and do so, in order
to gain leverage to help them accomplish their activist goals.
In respect to this topic, a deceptive Dakota activist wrote:
The Dakota Were Always Here -- Chris C Cavendar (Mato Nunpa) 1988- excerpt from Hennepin County
Most Dakota people whom I know believe not only that they were here first in Mi-ni So-ta Ma-ko-ce but
also that they were always here! In fact, this statement can probably be generalized to all the people of North America.
That is, they believe not only that they were here first but also that
they were always here. A common saying among Dakota elders of another Indian nations when they
hear about the theory that Indian people came to North America from Asia across the Bearing Straight
is this: "I'd like to go up to the Bearing Strait. I bet the footprints point in the other way.
In Dakota language, mdo-te refers to the joining of one stream with another. This can mean the joining of a
creek to a river, the joining of a river to another river, or the joining of a river to a lake or ocean.
That is why the juncture of the Minnesota river and the Mississippi River is called mdo-te or Mendota.
This was the most important mdo-te, according to what I heard when I grew up in the Upper Sioux community,
but it wasn't until I was an adult that I learned from Mde-wa-kan-ton-wan elders from Prairie Island
why Mendota was so important.
They told me that it was there that creation occurred. It was there that the first human being appeared
on the face of the earth from the underground. ref.
[located after Pond's article]
Mato Nunpa's so-called oral Dakota origin creation story at Mdote is not an authentic/valid oral
Dakota origin creation story/tradition. Dakota storytellers often told tales, and occasionally some
Dakota elders would mistakenly understand some of the tales to be authentic/valid Dakota oral
traditions. If some Dakota elders told Nunpa that the Mdote area was where the Dakota's origin
creation story is located, their statement was probably a tale they heard from a Dakota
storyteller. Even if Nunpa's claim is true, the Prairie Island elder's supposed statement can not
be rightfully classified as an authentic/valid oral Dakota origin creation tradition. If the tribal
councils of the Dakota tribes, plus those tribes' holy men and the tribes' hereditary chiefs were to
officially declair the Mdote area to be the place of Dakota (or Mdewakanton) origin, or declair the Mdote
area to be where there is [one] Dakota (or Mdewakanton) origin creation story, only then should
the story be considered an authentic/valid oral Dakota (or Mdewakanton) origin creation
In her book The Mysterious Lake, Elaine Jahner wrote:
Anthropologists who studied Walker's texts at the American Museum of Natural
History recognized the need for a comparative data to serve as a check for the
information Walker collected. Ella Deloria was chosen to corroborate Walker's texts.
Walker believed that there was a secret holy men's society whose members were
the "sole repositories" for certain mythic lore.
When storytelling Dakota narrators were commissioned to entertain with legends,
and were given handsome rewards, they always went at it with the attitude, 'Oh, for something
new to tell! 'Or I could tell anything.'
Deloria mentioned a storyteller name Left Heron, who she said was "an especially keen
storyteller with a skill for inventing his own tales." And that some of his "stories are
the fanciful weaving together of certain elements in the lore of the
Dakotas into fictionalized form" and that "the stuff of which they are built is Lakota,"
but that the tales, as such, had never been in the oral tradition."
Mato Nunpa's Hennepin County History Magazine article about his people's "creation stories"
acknowledges the Black Hills creation story and the (fake) Bdote/Mdote creation story, but totally
leaves out the Dakota's longstanding written and oral Mille Lacs creation stories. Who is he
trying to fool! And who has he fooled? Anyone who is so extremely deceptive as Mato Nunpa can
not be believed by any righteous and sane human being.
The Dakota origins did not literally occur in Minnesota, as their MN creation
story says. Our (humanities) evolution toward becoming completely human began around 5 million
years ago in Africa when we evolved from an animal similar to gorillas and chimpanzees. The origins of
earliest members of the genus Homo are Homo habilis evolved around 2.3 million years ago in Africa.
And all modern-day humans, with the exception of the indigenous people now living in
South-East Africa, have migrated to where they are now living, including the people who
are now known as the Dakota. There are no people or tribes whose place of origin is anywhere in
Modern humans or Homo sapiens originated in Africa, where they reached anatomical
modernity about 200,000 years ago and began to exhibit full behavioral modernity
around 50,000 years ago. Homo sapiens proceeded to colonize the continents,
arriving in Eurasia 125,000~60,000 years ago, Australia around 40,000 years ago,
the Americas around 37,000 years ago (the last wave of these colonizing migrates
arrived around 15,000 years ago), and remote islands such as Hawaii, Easter Island, Madagascar,
and New Zealand between the years AD 300 and 1280.
Archaeological evidence, language analyst and the DNA of the first
peoples of the Americas reveal that a wave of these people migrated
to the Americas from Asia around 15,000 years ago, and that some of
these people migrated from Asia at an earlier date. It is not a "theory"
that the first peoples of the Americas migrated here. And the migration of
modern-day humans began in South-East Africa between
62,000 and 95,000 years ago. We spread out from there,
populating the whole earth from there.
However, the leaders of the deceptive Dakota activists are refuting, or
pretending to refute the scientific evidence that
reveals the truth that their creation stories, like the Biblical
creation story (or Judeo-Christian-Islamic creation story) as well as many other
peoples' creation stories, are myths that do not express the truth. ref. ref.
Chris Mato Nunpa and the Lakota/Dakota Natives who agree with him on this issue have stolen
Africa's sacred site history of the origin of humans, and in respect to the
Lakota/Dakota segment of the human race, moved it to the Mdote area of Minnesota.
So if an individual Dakota (such as Chris Mato Nunpa) says he heard some Dakota elders of a
particular Dakota community say the Dakota origin creation story is at Mdote and not at Mille
Lacs Lake, as a long standing written and Dakota oral tradition says it is, and then he gets
his daughter (Waziyatawin) and brother (Gary Carvender) to help him promote his fake/fraudulent, or at
least invalid story, by presenting it in on-line articles, creating youtube videos with
the story in it, presenting the story in documentaries and at press conferences, getting
newspaper writers to publish it and presenting the fake/fraudulent or invalid story in
interviews and books, etc., and by doing this gets more and more people, including an ever
increasing number of Dakota people to believe the lie, or invalid story, and the Minnesota
Historical Society then witnesses how many Dakota people now believe the story and then
decides that it has to respect the story because so many Dakota people believe the story,
this is how a false Dakota cultural tradition gets established and Dakota history genocide
is executed. Even at this stage of the deception, this problem can be resolved.
If the people of the dominant culture think that the deceptive Dakota activists actually
believe that their MN Dakota origin creation story actually tells the literal truth, "that
they were always here," then they will want to respect this religious belief of theirs, and
by doing so, the deceptive Dakota activists will gain some more inappropriate leverage to
accomplish their activist goals.
The leaders of the deceptive Dakota activists do not want their people's
creation stories discredited by the scientific fact that
all people living today, with the exception of the indigenous peoples of
South-East Africa, have migrated to where they are how living, so they
refute, or pretend to refute, the scientific facts/truth, and in doing so
expose themselves as either delusional or extremely deceptive.
The deceptive Dakota activists' claim that because the Lakota/Dakota are "the original
people of Minnesota" and have "always lived here" (a false/deceptive claim),
that therefore they are (1.) Minnesota's most important people, (2.)
they have always been MN's most important people, (3.) all of Minnesota
belongs to them, (4.) all the non-Dakota tribes that have dwelt, or are now dwelling,
in Minnesota were, or currently are, trespassing on Dakota land, (5.) the mouth
of the Minnesota river and surrounding land belong to the Dakota, and the Dakota
have the right to reclaim and regain it, because it does not belong to
the Iowa or the United States, (6.) their creation story is at Mdote (the confluence),
and this is true because the Dakota were there before the Iowa tribe, and (7.) they,
therefore, had a right to force the Iowa from their homeland at the mouth of the
Minnesota River, and (8.) vast amounts of land throughout the whole
state of Minnesota should be given back to the Dakota. (At a Coldwater Spring protest gathering
I heard Waziyatawin's daughter hollering "All of Minnesota belongs to the Dakota." )
The Minnesota Humanities Center took in, hook, line and sinker,
the deceptive Dakota activists' and their white historian supporters'
propagandizing lies, and it is now teaching them, as true history, to
Minnesota school students.
DECEPTIVE ACTIVISM AT MDOTE HURTS DAKOTA ACTIVISM AT MILLE LACS
Because of the very important work that Dakota and Dakota rights advocates are doing to
rectify injustices being committed against the Dakota (Oceti Sakowin 'Seven Council Fires") people
in their sacred Mde Wakan
(Mille Lacs Lake) ancestral/traditional homeland (ref.
5. the people who
are wrongly claiming that THE Dakota's MN creation story and origin site is in the
Mdote area, or THE Mdewakanton Dakota creation story and origin site is in the Mdota area,
are radically hurting the Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) area Dakota and Dakota rights advocates' work.
And I believe that by doing so they are not only radically betraying their own Dakota people
but also betraying all other colonized aboriginal tribal peoples.
DECEPTIVE THREE-DAY DAKOTA CONFERENCE AT MARSHALL, MINNESOTA
During a three-day Dakota, or Ocetisakowin 'Seven Council Fires', conference at Marshall,
Minnesota's Southwest Minnesota State University, a conference that
addressed the history of the European colonists' and later Euro-American's extreme mistreatment
of the Dakota people, Angela Wilson (Waziyatawin) and her father, Chris Cavender (Mato Nunpa), told
the conference participates that the place referred to as Bdote (called Mendota in English) is
where THE (only) Dakota origin site is, and that this belief of theirs is bases on the Dakota's origin creation story.
Soon after the conference, I began corresponding with Chris Cavender (Mato Nunpa). At the time, he
sent me a message wherein he wrote that he was going to tell Jim Anderson to quit working
with me. And do so, because I believed and publicly taught (in contradiction to what he and
his daughter Waziyatawin teach) that there is, according to a Dakota origin creation story [also]
a Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) Dakota origin creation site. Then, after Jim Anderson was told
by Mato Nunpa to quit working with me Anderson quit working with me.
Originally, I thought there was a credible/valid Mdote area Dakota origin creation story/site/
tradition. I thought so, because the deceptive Dakota activists told me there was. But after
doing research on the topic I came to believe that there is not an authentic/valid Dakota
creation story that places THE (or even one) Dakota origin site in
the Mdote area. And I also came to believe that neither is their a valid Mdewakanton creation story
and origin site in the Mdote area.
On a regular basis, Anderson and I had been meeting with the mayor of Anoka to establish
a Anoka-Dakota Unity Alliance. And I had set things up
for Anderson and other
members of the Mendota Mdewakanton Dakota Community to meet with the Anoka Human Rights Commission.
And I had spoken
with the mayor of Cambridge, Minnesota and she was planning on scheduling Anderson and I to address the
Cambridge City Council. And I had set things up for Anderson to address the Anoka-Hennepin School
District Indian Education Parent Committee and staff, etc. And this all came to an erupt and rude
end because of Mato Nunpa's corrupt influence over the Mendota Mdewakanton Dakota
Community's Cultural Chairman, Jim Anderson.
The three-day Dakota conference in Marshall had an agenda that totally left out [ignored] the
history of the Dakota who lived in their sacred Mde
Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) homeland, where Europeans first made contact with the Eastern Dakota. The
history of how and why the Europeans used a band of Ojibwe, armed with French guns, to
violently force the Santee/Isanti Dakota from their sacred Mille Lacs Lake homeland was not told. The
Marshall conference started with a statement about Dakota people living in the Mdote area. It
left out the eight hundred year history of the Dakota people living in the Mille Lacs
The following important information was not mentioned by any of the conference's organizers,
nor guest speakers.
(1.) The eight hundred year history of the Dakota
people living in their sacred Mde Wakan
(Mille Lacs Lake) homeland
(2.) The sacred Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) Dakota
origin creation story, which is based on a written and traditional oral Dakota
origin creation story.
(3.) The history of the "doctrine of
discovery" associated with DuLuth setting up France's Coat of Arms (flag and Christian cross)
in the sacred ground of the
Eastern Dakota people's
main Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) area village and then claiming sovereignty over the (unconverted to
Christianity) pagan/heathen Dakota natives and also assumimg paramont ownership of
all of the Dakota people's Minnesota homeland for France.
(4.) The history of how and why the European colonists
used the Mille Lacs Dakota people's weakness to abuse alcohol to lure many of them from their sacred Mde Wakan
(Mille Lacs Lake) homeland to far away trading posts.
history of how and why the European colonists tricked and used a
band of Ojibwe to violently force most of the remaining Dakota from
their sacred Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) homeland and spiritual center
(6.) The history of how the forced expulsion
of most of the remaining Dakota from their sacred Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) homeland caused the U.S.-Dakota war of 1862 and
terrible aftermath which has still not been resolved. On the Nebraska Santee Tribe website
where is an article, it states: "The Santee's defeat by the Chippewas (Ojibwe) at the Battle of
Kathio in the late 1700s forced them to move to the southern half of the state which would
bring them into close contact and eventually conflict with the white settlers. From that
point on, survival for the Santee Tribe would become a daily struggle."
ref. The "daily struggle"
eventually caused the historic U.S.-Dakota war of 1862.
(7.) The movement to change the profane name of the "Rum River,"
by restoring the river's name back to its sacred Dakota name [Wakan] or [Wahkon].
(8.) The establishment of the beginning stage
Anoka Dakota Unity Alliance
. Anoka, Minnesota is located at the confluence of the Mississippi and "Rum" rivers.
(9.) The activist work near the confluence of the
Mississippi and "Rum" rivers to influence the Roman Catholic Church to change the racist name of a Catholic organization
named the Knights of Columbus and to also revoke the 15 century papal bull (Inter Caetera]
ref., a papal bull that is the source
of the establishment of brutal colonialism and hateful racism against the Dakota
people in their Wakpa Wakan ("Rum River") watershed ancestral homeland, especially including
the Mille Lacs Lake area where they had their villages and still have their origin creation site.
(10.) The work to change the derogatory name of Mille Lacs
Kathio State Park to Mille Lacs Isanti State Park
(11.) My draft Minnesota Indian Affairs Council resolution (which the MIAC asked me to write)
supporting the bill to change our
state's derogatory geographic place names that are offensive to Natives,
including the profane "Rum River" name
(12.) The work (supported by
Archbishop Harry Flynn) to change the profane name of a bar and liquor store in Wahkon, Minnesota, a town located on the
south shore of Mille Lacs Lake
(13.) Jim Anderson's Rum River name-change movement activist activities
work to regain the Dakota people's Wakpa Wakan ("Rum River") watershed ancestral/traditional
homeland, including the Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) area.
There is a group of deceptive Dakota activists who are so
obsessed with the Mdote area that they have become delusional, thinking that the Mdote
area is where it is all at
for the Dakota people and that there are no other significant sacred Dakota places. Instead
of working with activists who
are working to rectify injustices being committed against the Dakota in other sacred Dakota
ancestral homelands, they have become
hatefully competitive against them. They want all the attention on themselves and the
Mdote area and will use
whatever evil tactics they want to discredit other activists and their work. They
have become like a delusional cult.
The history of the Dakota in their Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) ancestral homeland:
"Father Louis Hennepin visited the Sioux at Mille Lacs Lake in 1680 and reported that it was the sacred
lake of these Indians and the focal point of the whole nation, from which the tribes and bands spread out
over a wide area. (Wilford 1944:329)."
"In 1656, the Dakotas were living near Mille Lacs in five villages numbering about 5,000 people. It is possible that the
Tetons and Yanktons had at this point already began migrating west, although Hennepin found them above the Falls of St.
Anthony on the Mississippi River in 1680. In 1701, they were at Lake Traverse. The Yankon and Yantonai left Mille Lacs
at about this time."
"From what was written on this subject by Hennepin, La Hontan, Le Sueur, and Charlevoix, and from the maps
published under the superintendence of these authors, it is sufficiently clear that in the latter part of the
17th century the principal residence of the Isanyati Sioux [Mdewakanton, Wahpeton, Wahpekute, and Sisseton]
was about the headwaters of Rum river, whence they extended their hunts to St Croix and Mississippi rivers,
and down the latter nearly or quite as far as the mouth of the Wisconsin. "
(Minn. Hist. Soc. Coll, I, 295, 1872.)
"The Mille Lacs area is rich in Native American history, from ancient tribes from the Old Copper Tradition dating
back over 4,000 years, to the early Dakota people, a band called the Mdewakanton 'the people who live by the
water of the Great Spirit.'"
"Hundreds of years before Europeans settled in the region, the Dakota people established permanent
along the shores of Ogechie Lake, and the Rum River. These people came to be known as the Mdewakanton,
which translated means 'Water of the Great Spirit.'"
According to one Dakota creation story, a creation story
that "figures prominently in the Sioux Nation's or Ocetisakowin 'Seven Council Fires' creation stories,
the sacred lake Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) is where the Dakota emerged as human
beings into this world." The sacred lake is one of the Dakota's Garden of Eden sites. Evidence indicates
that it is their original or primary Garden of Eden site, and that it is the Garden of Eden and
Jerusalem (Holy Land) from which they were forced out, and to which they will return. It is where
one of their creation stories says their nation was born. And it is where their original genesis
site is located, it's, therefore, their "Garden of Eden." And it is where their genocide
Angela Wilson (Waziyatawin), one of the leading deceptive Dakota activists, wrote: "This area
the Dakota refer to as Bdote, Mendota in English, is the site of both Dakota genesis and
genocide. The Bdewakantunwan Dakota creation story places Dakota origin at this specific site."
The "Bdewakantunwan" or Mdewakantonwan creation story places Dakota origin NOT at "Bdote"/Mdota, but at
Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs lake). In English, Mde means Lake and Wakan means Spirit. Mdewakanton means
"people born of the waters of Mde Wakan - Spirit Lake (Mille Lacs Lake). Mille Lacs Lake is
where Europeans first made contact with the Dakota's homeland villages and it is the
site of both Dakota genesis and genocide. Waziyatawin knows this is the truth. Why does she
say it is not true? Maybe she is trying to gain leverage in the "Bdote"/Mdote area.
clarification: My above statement, [The Dakota's Mille
Lacs Lake ancestral homeland is their Jerusalem (Holy Land) from which they were forced out and from
which they shall return] is associated with the belief that Israel is usually portrayed as
the homeland of the Jewish people who were exiled 2,000 years ago and to which they have
been righteously returned. I personally believe that the indigenous Palestinians being
forced from their lands by Israel and ethnically cleansed far more closely resembles
the experience of American Indians.
The MN Sesquicentennial Commission's Participation In The Coldwater Spring Deception:
Griff Wigley was the Project Leader for the Minnesota Sesquicentennial Advisory Committee
for Native American Partnering (SACNAP). Despite my public protesting on Wigley's interactive blog,
he continued to defend and display some of the above mentioned Dakota activists'
of Dakota history on his official State of Minnesota or
During a publicly posted debate between Wigley and I, a debate on his Native American Partnering or SACNAP blog, Wigley wrote:
"As I said to you that day at Coldwater, it doesn't matter to me right now whether there are one, two, or many Dakota
creation stories. Everyone agrees about the importance/sacredness of the B'dote (M'dote) and
Coldwater areas. That's all
that matters, so leave it at that."
So, according to Griff Wigley, it was alright (during that particular time, that is, before
the federal government decided for
or against giving Coldwater Spring a special designation) for some Dakota activists to lie to
both the federal government and the general public, and also for him to post their lies on his SACNAP
blog...and do so, in order to help influence the federal government and general public to
believe that the Coldwater Spring site and the Mdote area in general is more important to the
Dakota people than it is, and by doing so, deceptively influence a U.S. federal agency to
give Coldwater Spring a special designation that would create and preserve a false Dakota history
forever, a false history that would demean and desecrate the Dakota's sacred Mde Wahkon
(Mille Lacs Lake) ancestral homeland, forever.
Evidently, Griff Wigley believed that it was alright for him, Bruce White, and some Dakota
activists to radically distort Dakota history, so that, (1.) the federal government would
believe that the Coldwater Spring and mouth of the MN River site(s), located in the Mdote area,
is the ONLY PLACE where there is a Dakota origin creation story,
when actually there is no authentic/valid Dakota origin creation story there at all...
and by doing so, help influence a U.S. federal government agency to decide
to designate the Coldwater Spring site as a federally recognized Traditional Cultural
Property, and, (2.) at the same time, discredit Chief Leonard
Wabasha's and my activists work in the Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) area. The area where
Minnesota's authentic Dakota origin creation story/site/tradition is located.
It seems to me that Wigley believed that only after the Coldwater Spring site became an
official U.S. government designated Traditional Cultural Property, or the
federal government decided not to give Coldwater Spring a special designation, would it be
appropriate for him (providing, the mentioned above Dakota activists finally decided to tell the
truth about Dakota history) to acknowledge that there is a Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) Dakota
origin creation story/site/tradition, and that the Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) area is historically,
and at this present time, actually more important to the Dakota people than the
Evidently, Wigley believed that only after the federal government
made its decision about
Coldwater Spring would it be the appropriate time for Wabasha and I to go forward publicly (with
potentially his support) with the effort to rectify the injustices being committed
against the Dakota in their sacred Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) ancestral homeland.
We are still waiting for the mentioned above Dakota activists and their chief
white historian, Bruce White, to tell the truth about Dakota history.
At the time of this Wigley controversy, I contacted Jane Leonard, the
Executive Director of the Minnesota Sesquicentennial Commission, and informed her about this
negative situation. She told me that she would speak with Wigley, but neither Wabasha nor I ever
received an apology from Wigley, her, or any members of the Sesquintennial Commission, nor did the
Governor of Minnesota, Tim Pawlenty, apologize. The State of Minnesota should not have participated
in creating a false Dakota history. I am hoping that Governor Mark Dayton will address this issue.
When he was a U.S. Senator he gave his assistance with Wabasha's and my activist work to change
the profane name of the "Rum River"...by doing so, he also gave his assistance to protect and preserve
Minnesota's sacred site history in the Dakota's Mde Wakan (Mille Lacs Lake) ancestral/traditional
I recommend and hope that Governor Mark Dayton will establish a
Minnesota Truth And Reconciliation Commission to
addresses the Coldwater Spring/Mdote area deception and other topics associated with Minnesota's
On March 21, 2015, Indian Country Today Media Network, the world's largest Indian news
source, published an article by Melvin Lee Houston (Dakota) entitled: An open letter to the Dakota Oyate. There are two
selective comments to the article. The first comment is mine. It can be found and read at the end of
Mr. Houston's ICTMN article or
here on my site. The comment
Leonard Wabasha's Mille Lacs Kathio State Park interpretive sign statement about the Mdewakanton's
story at Mille Lacs. It also mentions Wolfchild's contradictory statement
presented on a youtube.com video.
Note: Bruce White is a white historian who is a sympathizer and supporter of the deceptive
Dakota activists who are trying to create and promote a false history to serve their scandalous agenda. He recently
co-authored a book that presents the false history. However, his book has been getting
bad reviews by historians who know the true Dakota history and they are now exposing how
White knowingly tries to deceive his readers into believing the false history. Check out
the book reviews at
Dave Fudally's 7498 word book review is located
Essays and reviews by John LaBatte
Review – The Past is Alive Within Us – Video
Preserve Camp Coldwater Coalition website
Sacred Land Controversy Explained
Preserve Camp Coldwater Coalition website
Gideon Pond article (see commentary at end of article)
Chris Cavender (Mato Nunpa)'s TCDP article and my comment titled Resolution
Link to my TCDP article
Healing the Dakota People's Painful Wounds Of Ethnocide and
Here's the link to my article
A History Of The Dakota People In Minnesota
My email address